PETS全国公共英语写作常用句型模板

PETS作文论说文模板

(一) 对立观点式
(1) 给出两个对立的事物或者一个事物对立的两个方面,要求考生支持一方并进行说明。 具体表述如下:
TOPIC: Some people like A; others like B. Which one do you prefer -- A or B? Give specific reasons and examples to illustrate your answer.
(2)给出两个对立事物或一个事物对立的两个方面,要求考生说明二者为什么不同或比较它们的优缺点,并给出理由。 具体表述如下:
TOPIC: Some people believe that A while others consider B more appropriate. Give advantages and disadvantages of the two positions and explain which position you support.
对立观点式的三种模板:
1.人们往往看到B的明显优点而忽视了它的缺点,同时A的内在优势没有被重视。
第一段:To choose A or to choose B is something of a dilemma to the public because they sometimes are confused by the seemingly good qualities of B while neglect the genuinely good aspects of A.
第二段:[For B, people are often driven to believe that / It is quite easy for common people to CHOOSE B because of the obvious reason that] ____________. (As a proverb says, "Everything has two sides".) Although B does have its seemingly profound advantages, in the meantime [there lie [harmful characteristics/ intrinsic drawbacks] in it such as ____________ / it can be achieved only conditionally because____________] . Some [people/experts] [maintain/warn] that____________. However, it is often overlooked [by the public/most people]. (Therefore we have no complete evidence to suggest that B is always better than A.)
第三段: Unfortunately, the innate quality of A is often underestimated.
或:What is more, if you notice the invisible benefits of CHOOSING A, you can understand A more deeply. Here I would explain a few of the most important reasons for choosing A. 第一点原因。第二点原因。第三点原因。(列举原因的句式见最后的"通用句型")
第四段:Therefore from what we have discussed, we may safely come to the conclusion that CHOOSING AAA is a rather wise decision.

2.选A还是选B的确是一个热门话题,我们来研究一下,A比B至少有三大优势:1,2,3。
第一段:There is no denying the fact that ____________(whether it is better to choose A or B) is a popular topic which is much talked about [not only by ____________, but also by ____________/by people across the world/ in a modern society].

或:There is no denying the fact that ____________(whether it is better to choose A or B) is a popular topic which has caused heated debate over a long period of time (because it affects everybody in his or her daily lives).

或:In a modern society, people are always faced with the dilemma of whether to choose A or B. This problem is a much-debated one in that it affects everybody in his or her daily lives.

或:(如果是针对某一事件的题目,不是什么popular topic)If ____________(it is announced that a new movie theater may be built ____________), I will not be surprised to see ____________ (whether it is better to choose A or B) become a popular topic which is much talked about not only by ____________, but also by ____________. Although it seems that [sometimes we can not tell which one outweigh the other between A and B / they normally coexist peacefully], they deserve some close examination. [If three criteria were taken into account in comparing these two, I would prefer A. / As far as I am concerned, I vote for the latter]. There are no less than three advantages in A as rendered below:

第二段 第一点原因。第二点原因。第三点原因。

第三段 In conclusion, (it must be explained that these three reasons sometimes intertwine to form an organic whole and thus become more persuasive than any one of them.) Only these three reasons are enough to make a person draw the conclusion that ____________ , not to mention there are more.

3.选A还是选B的确是一个热门话题,我们来研究一下,二者各有优势,不过我来选的话,A的优点还是比B多。

第一段前两句同2,第三句

While both the two [methods/choices] may have their advantages and disadvantages, they can be applied under different circumstances. Later on, I will explain my opinion about it.

第二段:[A has the obvious advantage that / One very strong argument for A is that] ____________. But there lies intrinsic harmful characteristic in this method. Some [people/experts] [maintain/warn] that____________ Furthermore, ____________. Therefore we have no complete evidence to suggest that A is always better than B.

第三段:On the other hand, choosing B also has advantages to some extent, For example, ____________. However, once again, it is important to see that under certain circumstances B will____________(disadvantage)

或:Yet there are some people who cast serious doubts on B


或:Although B does have its seemingly profound [advantages/ reason],in the meantime[there lie intrinsic [harmful characteristics/drawbacks] in it such as ________________________ / it can be achieved only conditionally because____________].

第四段:(针对我个人的情况又可以说出一套理由)But if all these factors are contemplated, [as far as I am concerned / according to my knowledge], the advantages of A carry more weight than those of B because A fits [me/us students] better in two ways: In the first place, ____________, In the second place/secondly, ____________ Therefore from what we have discussed, we may safely come to the conclusion that choosing A is a rather wise decision.

或:(我个人的情况说不出什么新的理由,只好说我觉得A优点就是比B多)

It seems very difficult for us to prefer one to another because all of them have their advantages and disadvantages to the extent that it is hard to distinguish. Yet that does not mean that they are all the same to me. Which one I prefer depends on my own experience, life style and [emotional concerns / educational background/____________]. [As far as I am concerned / According to my personality and fondness/ To be frank], I would like to choose A, because there are too many benefits that outnumber its disadvantages not to choose it. B, on the other hand, has advantages no more than its disadvantages.

http://www.exam8.com/english/PETS

写作常见文体特点

考生应掌握一些常见文体的写作方法和技巧。文章的常见文体有描写文(Description)、记叙文(Narration)、说明文(Exposition)、议论文(Argumentation)、及应用文(Practical Writing)等。各文体往往交叉使用,互相渗透。
(一)描写文
描写是用生动、形象的语言文字把某一人物的状态、动作或景物、事件的性质和特征具体地描绘和刻画出来,让读者有真实的感受,并从文章中获得真实、具体、清晰而深刻的印象。
(二)记叙文
记叙文是以记人叙事为主要内容、以叙述为主要表达方式的文章。记叙文一般具有时间、地点、人物、事件、原因和结果6个要素,其目的是回答what,wh0,how,when,where,why等问题。写作时应注意满足4个要求:一是提供一定的情景或背景;二是提供足够数量的生动、真切的细节;三是理顺叙事的步骤,通常按时间顺序,也可用倒叙手法;四是叙述者观察事物发展的角度必须一致。
(三)说明文
说明文是说明某事物、事由或过程等的文章。它用于说明客观事物的特点和本能,或介绍某种操作的程序,或解释某些抽象概念,阐明某种科学原理、自然理解等,完全是就事论事的描述,因此也称为技术性的描写文。
说明文应该写得条理分明,层次清楚,语言简洁,用词具体,具有严密的逻辑性。说明文写作时应注意下面几点:一篇文章集中讲一个主题;叙述顺序要清楚,即按时间、空间或重要性的顺序进行分层叙述;例证要具体充分,切忌空泛笼统;叙述既富于说理,又生动活泼,使文章更吸引读者。
议论文通常由论点、论据和论证3要素组成。写作时应注意:论点明确;论据真实、充分;论证逻辑性强,层次分明。最常见的论证方法有以下两种:
1. 归纳法,即从特殊事例中推出一般的道理或规律。
2. 演绎法,即从一般到具体的表达方法。
(五)信函
一般来说,英文书信可分为私人书信、社交信和事务信。英文信函写作有别于普通作文,更注重实际效果。
1. 写作注意
(1) 清楚:写信的目的是说明事情,因而叙述要有逻辑,主题要突出,层次要分明,使人一看就懂。
(2) 简洁:写信时文字应力求简洁,言简意赅。
(3) 准确:表意应准确,避免使用有歧义的词句,语言表达应具体o
(4) 礼貌:写信的语言应礼貌得体,符合英美人的习俗。
2. 英文书信
(1) 寄信人地址:包括寄信人地址和寄信日期,但不用写寄信人的名字,位于信纸的右上角。
(2) 收信人地址:位于信纸左上角,若收信人较熟悉,此项可省去。
(3) 称呼:位于收信人名、地址下空两行处。
(4) 信的正文:信的正文结尾处可写一些祝愿的话语。
(5) 落款签名:
私人信件
Your respectfully,(对长辈、上级、陌生人)
Yours,/Kind regards,/Love,(对朋友)
正式事务信件
Yours faithfully,
Yours truly,
(签名用全名,若是女性,应加Miss,Ms,Mrs.)
(6) 附件:如随信有附件,可在信的左下端注明,以便收信人查阅o
3. 信函正文格式通常有以下两种:
(1) 平行式:分行分段时,包括收信人的姓名、地址、写信日期,以及签名落款,均从左边顶格开始,每行对齐平行,成一垂直线。这种格式便于快捷地进行英文打字。正式信件中段与段一般使用双行距。
(2) 缩行式:姓名、地址与信封缩行式相同。日期写在信笺的右上端,缩行式相同。签名放在中间偏右下方。信正文每段开始一般缩入4~6个英文字母。正式信件中段与段之间一般也用双行距。
(六) 个人简历
个人简历(Resume)又称履历表,是用表格的方式将求职者的个人资料,如:姓名、地址、教育程度、工作经历和兴趣爱好等详细且有条理地罗列出来,供招聘单位挑选人员时参考。
(二) 单一观点式
1. 给出一结论,此论点不包括两种事物的比较,要求考生支持或反对并给出理由. (同意 或 不同意类型)
首先 题目观点的重述paraphrase.
After pondering this opinion from several aspects, I totally agree (disagree) with it. The reasons are presented below.
There is no denying that…
Another reason why I agree (disagree) with XXX is that…
Finally,…
Based on the above discussion, I agree( disagree ) with the opinion that…
2. 给出一个论点,主要是对两个事物进行比较的陈述,要求考生支持或反对并给出理由( Which类型+ 同意 或 不同意类型)
(本类型只agree)
(Who/how/what ……) is a prevalent topic undergoing serious debate. There exist two obvious and definite opinions regarding this controversy: A and B. personally, I agree with the above statement that A is superior to B.
The main reason for my propensity for A is that……
What is also worth noticing fact is that……
A is superior in another way, this is…
It is undeniable that B has its own merits. However, B can only be achieved conditionally because…
From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that ...
(三) 选择多观点之一 并 解释你为什么选择它
There exist various choices in doing XXX such as A,B,C,D.
As far as I am concerned, I prefer C most for three reasons.
The main reason for my propensity for C is that……
What is also worth noticing fact is that……
C is superior in another way, this is…
From what has been discussed above, I may safely draw the conclusion that choosing C is most sensible for me/us. [In summary, I prefer C according to my personality and fondness.]
(四) 原因解释型
1. 给出一个事实,要求解释它的原因.
陈述这个事实 As is know by all, ……
Among countless factors which contribute to XXX, there exist three most conspicuous ones:
One of the primary causes is that…
XXX also results from…
…is responsible for xxx, as well.
To put all into a nutshell, I draw the conclusion that A,B and C are three main contributors to XXX
2. What should we do? How do something influence our lives? what are the characters of something.
背景描述
There are numerous approaches to solving…/impacts on sth. /characteristics of… , and I would explore the most conspicuous ones there.
One of the primary method, to my mind, is that…
one of the primary impact, to my mind, is that…
one of the primary characteristic, to my mind, is that…
a more subtle point which we must consider is that…
In addition/ furthermore ……
In conclusion, Taking into account of all these methods/ affects / aspects, we may reach the conclusion that……


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