Should Women be Regarded as Inferior to Men?
I never think that women should be treated as the second -class citizens. Observing objectively, you’ll find that women have succeeded in virtually any existing occupation you care to name: politicians, soldiers, doctors, university professors, lawyers, business executives, scientists and even presidents of countries. Today’s intense competition in jobs is not only between men, but also between men and the ’weaker sex’, who have often put men to shame in almost every field. Yet men refuse to acknowledge them and give women their due, and their attitude towards women becomes even more hostile. The only sound explanation for this is that men shun (回避,躲避) real competition- they are afraid of being beaten at the games that they consider to be their own.
If there is anything that men are better than women, it is their physical strength. No other things that men claim to excel in are borne out by statistics. Physical strength excluded, the fact is that men and women are basically equal in all kinds of abilities except when it comes to language art and negotiation skills, at which women are better. You can be sure that if negotiation tasks were left to women who are gentler, more graceful and levelheaded, they would succeed brilliantly, where men have failed for centuries, and therefore war has been a frequent scene on this planet. Believe it or not, it is women who could turn those filthy and bloody battlefields into lands of joy. So some things are too important to be left to men! (252 words)
It sounds pretty ridiculous to claim that men and women are equal and have the same abilities. Men have excelled in every field of work. Plato, Freud, Beethoven, Einstein, Pavarotti and Li Ning are the names of great men in different fields, to name just a few. Can you effortlessly think up a woman’s name that can match those brilliant names? You may argue that you can name a dozen of great women athletes. Well, yes. However, they look great simply because they have never run or played against men. See what happens if you group men and women together in the same race.
Women are justifiably called the weaker sex not only because they are physically weak, they are mentally fragile as well. They depend too little on cool reasoning and too much on intuition and instinct to arrive at decisions. Sometimes they are not even capable of thinking clearly. That is why they often gossip and chatter and scream whenever they talk, which men seldom do, and that is also why there are embarrassingly few women politicians in any country you can think of. Big decisions are always left for men to make, for they are more reliable, rational, and levelheaded.
Many women complain that they look inferior because they have never been offered equal opportunities in jobs. This may have been true in the long past, but not now. The fact is that jobs are open to both sexes, but it is almost impossible for women to be wives, mothers and successful career women all at once. Actually most women are glad to let men support their families. They know that bearing and rearing children are more important. And that is why men outnumber women in practically every kind of job. They are not excluded; they exclude themselves. (299 words)

Should World Governments Conduct Serious Campaigns Against Smoking?
Cigarette smoking has been jeopardizing human health for centuries ever since an English nobleman brought tobacco from the New World back to England and people everywhere in the world have been puffing their way to smoky and cancerous death.
Medical findings have long proved that there is a close link between smoking and bronchial troubles, heart disease and lung cancer because of the many harmful ingredients in the tobacco. Yet the governments of most countries pretend to be blind to the lethal effect of tobacco: the answer lies with money. Cigarette smokers are big tax payers. Levying a tax on your cigarettes is just like levying a tax on your daily bread.
This is absolutely the most shortsighted policy you could ever imagine. While a surprisingly large amount of tax money is accumulated on the one hand, it is paid out in increasingly larger amount on the other. Each year, millions of dollars of special funds are allocated to those medical research establishments on cancer research and on pharmaceutical products to cure people suffering from the disease. Everybody would have less chance of being struck down by heart disease and cancer if smoking were banned altogether by governments at all levels.
For a start, governments could begin by banning all cigarette advertising (Cigarette advertising is as insidious as it is dishonest. The advertisements always depict virile, clean-shaven young men. In such advertisements, smoking is always associated with the great open-air life, handsome cowboys, and with beautiful girls. We are never shown pictures of real smokers coughing up their lungs early in the morning) and should then launch fierce anti-smoking campaigns. An effective warning-say, a picture of an ugly skull-can be printed on every packet of cigarettes that is to be sold, to scare smokers out of sucking those cancer sticks.
Statistics reveal that the number of adolescent smokers in many countries is on the increase. It is therefore necessary that greater effort should be made to inform young people of the horrible consequences of taking up the habit. (240 words)
When people suggest that governments should do something to ban cigarette smoking altogether, I do not think they are being serious. It is absurd to suggest we ban it after several hundred years, especially when you think of the possible consequences brought about by such banning. Banning cigarette smoking would endanger the survival of many related businesses and industries: tobacco growers, cigarette-making factories, retail businesses. Tax apart, tobacco industry is an important source of income even to developed countries. After all, smoking is not so bad as it seems when you look at the benefits it brings.
First, it is manly to smoke. The unique charm a cigarette smoker holds could not be achieved otherwise. Second, smoking makes social contact easier, particularly when one meets a stranger. Third, a cigarette works like a dream when you take one after long hours of reading or writing, or after a tiring job-the soothing effect it creates is simply beyond description. Those who are against smoking often ignore the fact that smoking can relieve stresses of a long working day.
I do not mean that smoking does no harm to people’s health. However, in a society that advocates freedom, individuality and democracy each individual should be entitled to decide whether he quits smoking or not; banning goes against democracy.
If people decide on retaining the habit, the tobacco industry is not to blame. After all, it has donated vast sums to medical research on smoking related ailments. As a result of the painstaking research, new techniques have been adopted in the cigarette manufacturing process, which makes smoking much safer. (267 words)

Is the Space Race a Huge Waste of Money?
The early 1960s mark the beginning of the space race. From that time on the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France, Japan and India have each expended billions of dollars in their space projects. Hundreds of space vehicles have blasted into space: first satellites, then spaceships and now space shuttles. What are the returns of these billion-dollar investments? Well, just some rocks of the same composition collected from the moon, if they could be called returns. Displayed in museums, these rocks are hardly of any value compared with a rich variety of their counterparts on the earth.
Why then, are these countries so interested in the space race? Some countries claim that they do this for pure scientific research of the universe and the well being of their people. But what has the space race done to alleviate the agonies of millions of people who are suffering from poverty, starvation, disease and war? In what way has it improved our living conditions? The real interest of these powerful nations lies in the manifestation of both their technological and military powers. For centuries man has been playing many different power games-allies, wars, sanctions, cold war, and the race of nuclear armament, and the space race is just an extension of the race for power on earth. In the mid 1980s, for instance, former U.S. president Ronald Ragan came up with a brand new military project, the SDI (strategic defense initiative), which suggests striking the enemies’ targets with missiles and laser weapons up from space.
Of course, no such world powers want to admit their aggressive ambitions. They would argue that their space programs basically aim at finding a better planet live on. But their argument does not seem to hold water when it comes to the point that however hard they try, it is unlikely that they will ever be able to travel even to the nearest star.
Let us make our nation’s budget like we do for a family: a family would often consider buying daily necessities before trying to obtain luxuries (If a man buys a piano at the cost of selling his house, we would think that he is a nut). Why can’t great nations act in the same sensible way?
Our world would be a lot better today if the world powers devoted half as much money and effort squandered in space programs to the most needed places. The space race is a huge waste of money. (409 words)
As the most curious being in the world, man is always keen on exploration. With the earth having been fully explored, the next logical target for man is definitely the space.
Several countries now are engaged in the space exploration, which is fun, and which fires our imagination. Of course, they are not doing it just for fun, but also for seeking answers to the following provocative questions: How was a planet formed? What is the essence of life? Are there any extraterrestrial beings as intelligent as or even more intelligent than humankind elsewhere in the universe? If this is the case, can we set up communication with them? Can man find a better planet to live on? If so, is mass-emigration from the overpopulated earth to such a planet possible? For only scores of years as space projects have been proceeding, we have already achieved quite a few encouraging results, and have benefited a lot from such programs-crystals, drugs or chemicals produced under zero gravity, satellite communications, manned space vehicles and stations, to name just a few.
Yet, some less curious and less ambitious people perceive such endeavour in a less positive way. They call space exploration as ’space race’, deeming it to be an extension of the race for power on earth and a pure waste of money. I don’t want to comment on such a short-sighted argument, but at least no one should impose restrictions on man’s desire for knowledge. If space research helps us gain better understanding of the working mechanism of the universe, of our earth and of our origins, there is no sound reason why anyone should go against it. (277 words)

Should the Practice of Mercy Killing be Permitted?
Much as the medical science has advanced today, there still exist some diseases that cannot be cured, the most notorious of which are leukaemia (白血病), cancer and aids. Patients who have long been tortured by one of such diseases both physically and mentally usually become all skin and bones in the end. Knowing that their days are numbered no matter how hard the doctors try and how much more money their families will spend on their treatments, they tend to lose the courage to live on. To them, life no longer brings them anything except more pain and fear. They simply want to die.
Should the practice of mercy killing be permitted if such a patient is desperate for it? My answer is in the affirmative provided that….
Provided that there is not the least hope of bringing them back to health, and the patient begs for mercy killing and his or her family members accept it. If the above conditions are met, and if more days in this otherwise beautiful world mean merely more sufferings and nightmares to the dying, I see no reason why mercy killing should not be permitted as one last resort to relieving them from the unbearable trials.


A. Title: Fast Food
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese blew:
1. 快餐在中国十分流行,它是现代快节奏社会的最佳反映。
2. a. 快餐受欢迎有两条原因: b. 然而,从营养角度来讲,快餐却差强人意。
3. 对快餐还是以偶尔品尝为宜。
例文: Fast Food
Fast food is becoming more popular in China, especially among children and teenagers. Today, it's certainly difficult to think of any other single thing that represents the fast pace of modern society as powerfully as fast food.
There are several reasons for its popularity. First, it is very convenient and saves a lot of time. The trends of modern society seem to all point to one ultimate goal —— saving time, and fast food well serves this purpose. You just go into a fast food restaurant, order your food, and your food is ready in no time. You can either eat it there or take it away. Second, its popularity is also attributed to the clean and comfortable environment of fast food restaurants, the excellent service, and the guaranteed qualith of food.
However, in terms of nutrition, fast food is far from satisfactory. It usually does not compose a balanced diet and is low in nutritional value. Thus, doctors suggest that people, especially children, eat fast food as little as possible. Although cooking at home is time — consuming and the following washing-up tiresome, it offers healthy and delicious meals your body likes and needs. Fast food is only a good choice when you are in a hurry and turn to it once in a while.

A. Write an essay that conveys the information in the following cartoon accompanied by your comments.
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your essay should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2
父亲以卖劈柴和柴墩为生 儿子以卖根雕原料为生
例文: Preserving Natural Resources
Through the changes in the ways of making a living in a family over several generations, the cartoon aims at sounding a warning against man's wasteful use of natural resources and emphasizing the urgent need to preserve these resources.
Ever since man appeared on the earth, man's survival has been heavily relied on nature. Almost everything we use in our everyday life comes from nature, ranging from the food we eat, the water we drink, to the wood which is turned into furiture. With the development of technology and population growth, the amount and range of materials used has increased at an alarming rate. However, natural resources are not inexhaustible. Some reserves are already on the brink of exhaustion and there is no hope of replacing them. The widespread water shortage is an example in point. If man continued to squander natural resources with no thought for the future, the later generations would end up selling sand, as is the case in the cartoon, and the whole world would be in a mess.
Time is running out. It is up to us to take effective measures before the situation gets out of hand.

A. Title: Global Shortage of Fresh Water
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese below:
1. 人们认为淡水是取之不尽的(提示:雨水,河水,井水)
2. 实际上淡水是短缺的(提示:人口增加,工业用水增加,污染严重)
3. 我们应当怎么办(提示:节约用水,开发新水源)
例文: Global Shortage of Fresh Water
People often think that water will never be used up. There is plenty of water, such as rain, water from the rivers and wells. It seems as if water is always available around us and we never have to worry about water shortage.
In fact water is rather limited on the earth. With the rapid increase of population and fast development of industries, water is more needed than before. At the same time, a large amount of water has been polluted and wasted every day. Some big cities in China are facing the problem of water shortage already. There, water supply is controlled and industry has been restrained.
What should we do about the water shortage? I think, first, the people should be made aware of the real situation about the water. Everyone should consciously save on water and certain law should be made that no water will be polluted. We have to protect the existing water resources and develop new ones. In this way I believe that our cities will not be thirsty for water in the future.

请按题目: Advantages of Five-Day week(5天工作日的优点)写出大约200个字的短文,并包括下列内容:
1. 对家庭的好处
2. 对社会的好处
3. 对个人的好处
例文:Advantages of Five-Day week
A five-day week has been put into practice in China, which is welcomed by every-one. It is obvious that a five-day week has brought about many advantages to the society and people. First, families have benefited from it very much. They have more time to spend together or go for an outing during the weekend. Children are able to learn usefully skills, women have enough time to take care of the house, go shopping or relax.
Second, society has also benefited from it.
As people have two days off, they would like to go shopping or travelling, which can promote the commerce and tourism. Then the shops and travel agency will have more customers. Third, individuals have also enjoyed the benefit from the five-day week, because they have more time for whatever they are interested in during the weekend. For example, one likes stamp collection, he will have enough time to enjoy it. What's more, individuals can make full use of a weekend for a good rest. Adequate rest will enable him to work more efficiently.
In a word, a five-day week is beneficial to the society, families and individuals.

A. Title: What Will Happen If China Enters WTO?
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese below:
1. 每个中国人都盼望中国加入世界贸易组织。
2. a. 加入世贸组织,国家和人民都将大大受益; b. 加入世贸组织,也会带来一些不利影响,如国有企业将面临更大的挑战。
3. 对中国加入世贸组织感到欣喜之余,我们也应看到随之而来的一些挑战。
例文: What Will Happen If China Enters WTO?
Every Chinese is looking forward to China's entry into WTO, widely seen as a blessing and a promise of prosperity. It seems to be so at first sight, however, on reflection, we're convinced that it's just another coin with two sides.
On the one hand, both the nation and people will benefit greatly from China's entry into WTO. Shut out of WTO, China used to be deprived of equal trade opportunities and was placed at a distinct disadvantage in world trade. This situation will change if China enters WTO. In addition, foreign companies will stream into China and offer great job opportunities, which, in a sense, will relieve the unemployment problem.
On the other hand, the entry will impose some negative effects on China. State-owned enterprises in China are undergoing great difficulties, which will be more acute with the flow of foreign competitors into China.
In short, excited about the advantages caused by the entry, we should not lose sight of the severe challenges posed by it.

A. Study the following paragraph carefully and write a letter of about 200 words.
B. Your name is Li Jin, a student of the Department of Applied Physics, Tsinghua University. You hope to further your study in Boston University (Massachusetts, USA) upon your graduation next year. Now you are writing to the office of graduate admissions to ask for the Application Form and other relative materials. The following points should also be covered by letter:
1. your personal information
2. the reason why you choose Boston University
3. a brief study plan
C. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET 2.
Department of Applied Physics
Tsinghua University
Sept. 11th, 1999
Office of Graduate Admissions Boston University Massachusetts, USA

Dear Sir or Madam,
I am writing in the hope that I may obtain an opportunity to further my study in Applied Physics toward master degree in your university.
My name is Li Jin, an undergraduate student of the Department of Applied Physics, Tsinghua University(China). Next year in the summer, I will graduate and get my BS degree. I plan to continue my study and research in this field under the instructions of first-class professors and in a dynamic academic atmosphere. I chose Boston University because there are a congenial team of researchers, an array of databases and research projects in your School of Physics. I believe my interests are extremely congruent with the strengths of the School. And my solid academic background will meet your general entrance requirements for graduate study.
I will appreciate it very much if you could send me the Graduate Application Forms, the Application Form for Scholarships/Assistantships, a detailed introduction to the School of Physics, and other relevant information. My mailing address is shown on the top of this letter.
I am looking forward to hearing from you soon. Sincerely yours, Li Jin.

A. Cars play an important role in modern society. But they are also responsible for a good part of air pollution in big cities. Write an essay of about 200 words on car and air pollution.
B. Your essay should cover the following points:
1. the serious problem of air pollution caused by cars;
2. your suggestions on how to deal with the problem.
例文: Cars and Air Pollution
Too many cars have created a lot of serious problems in our world. Besides congestion, accidents and fast fuel consumption, cars are responsible for a good part of air pollution in big cities. All the time, they are pumping huge amounts of waste gases into the atmosphere. These gases are very harmful, causing disease and even death. Last winter, car fumes formed heavy smog over Beijing, making the sky gloomy for weeks and deteriorating people's health.
One possible solution is to design and develop clean cars and clean fuels. In Tsinghua University, campus buses are driven by electricity. In Beijing some of the public buses begin to run on natural gas, which does not give off as much carbon dioxide as the petrol. But it may take decades for the new models of clean cars to completely replace the traditional ones.
Another solution is to develop modern public transportation systems and restrict the use of private cars. If the price of petrol rises constantly and the public vehicles are efficient and convenient enough, most people will not private cars. And the total number of cars in big cities will reduce greatly. On the whole, the elimination of air pollution needs the co-efforts from the government, the public and the environments. This problem will be solved only with the help of science and technology.

A. Write a letter to your local English-language newspaper giving your view on a discussion that has arisen as a result of an article they published entitled "Why Do We Need English?"
B. Your letter must be writen of about 200 words, excluding the addresses, etc.
No.47, Haidian Road
Haidian District
August 18, 1999
The Editor Local English Daily Wuhua Building Beijing,
Dear Sir:
I have been following with great interest the discussion inspired by Mr. Wang Li's article "Why Do We Need English?" published in the Local English Daily of 20th May, 1999.
The one aspect of the English language that most of your correspondents seem to be unaware of is its widespread use as the international language of diplomacy, commerce and technology. It is the language of the United Nations and its agencies as well as of many other international bodies. We would be foolish to confine our vision to our national borders only. We are still, after all, dependent on other countries for technical and industrial assistance. How can we hope to be economically and technologically independent if we are not able to communicate in these areas outside our own country?
English must be taught in all our schools, not only for the above reasons but also so that our students can go abroad to learn the techniques our nation so urgently needs. We also need representatives who can command respect at the international conference tables of the world. And if English is the common language of communications for world diplomacy, economics and defense, then let us be as fluent and proficient in it as possible, for the sake of our own country's advancement and prestige.
Yours sincerely,
Li Xiaohua

A. Title: A Matter of Approach
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence: "Two secondary school teachers I remember show how different people can be though engaged in the same profession."
1. Two secondary school teachers I remember
2. The differences between the two teachers in classroom attitudes
3. Their attitudes to their students
4. Their methods of teaching
例文: A Matter of Approach
Two secondary school teachers I remember show how different people can be though engaged in the same profession.
Mrs. Wang, my philosophy teacher, sent us to sleep less than ten minutes when she started talking in class. When a head nodded, she would point at the dozing student and made threatening remarks. She said that she was bored teaching us. Some students in her eyes had no desire to learn. But the other teacher Mr. Li always had bright eyes in a smiling face and encouraging words which showed that he loved Chinese history he was teaching and wanted us to love it too.
When it came to their attitudes to their students, they were different too. After Mrs. Wang finished her day's lessens she felt that she had finished her job. Once when I asked her a question outside class about a term, she continued with preparation to leave and said that I could bring my question to class next week. Before I knew it she had put her keys into her handbag and walked out of the door. In the history class, however, a question even after the bell would still be given attention to by Mr. Li. He would rush to the board in a last minute attempt to clear up. Often he was seen with a number of students standing outside the classroom, discussing the day's assignment.
Their methods of teaching were not like as well. Mrs. Wang stuck to the textbook and trained us how to memorize minute facts. However Mr. Li brought in films, maps, slides, tapes, anything that would help us learn. Once the whole class went to see the 'film Lin Zexu' in order to better understand the history of the Opium War from 1840 to 1842. Owing to these contrasts, I do not think I can forget either of my past teachers.

Electives Course
We all know that elective course can make a free space for everyone to show their strong points, develop their imaginations, creations and personal styles. Every term our school would offer a range of elective courses which you can choose according to your own areas of interest. I always read all course information and analysis which one is suitable for us study. This semester, I took an course about psychological health as my eclective course.
Nowadays, it is a common phenomenon that people go to have some psychological consultations, including students in school. I always face great pressure from study and life. Being depressed for a long time, I doubt if I am physically healthy. So I choose it as my eclective course of this term.
During the course, my mental state improved greatly. First and foremost, I tried to build up a healthy lifestyle. Furthermore, I realized that we need to find different ways to relax ourselves when we face severe competition. Thirdly, we should be sympathetic. Thanks to the electives course.

Elective Course—Fashion and Image Design
All the universities offer various electives for students to choose. They may make different choices due to different reasons. But as far as I am concerned, Fashion and Image Design course is worth studying for each individual.
First, a good appearance may help us make a better impression in social contacts. The way we are dressed helps us to preserve a sense of our own value and personality. Second, Fashion adds spice to life with its rich color, variety, and beauty. The world will be a dull place to live in if we always wear clothes of the same style and color. And the third, also the most important, being well-dressed is of psychological importance, because dress properly can enhance our self-confidence in appearance, which will lead to confidence in our success in life.
That’s the reason why I choose this course. The confident people are the most charming people, I believe that Fashion and Image Design will give you an unusual life.

Elective Course
As a college student in the new era, we should pay attention not only to human development, but also to harmonious co-existence between man and nature. In the beginning of the term, I chose an elective related to the environment. I want to learn some theory concerning environmental protection.
Though it may be hard for some people to willingly accept, no one,regardless of race, religion or nationality, can deny that the world we live in is becoming increasingly intolerable because of the effects of global warming. But the lack of knowledge about the importance of protecting environment hinders the solving of the problem. This is the reason that I took the course.
In the course, I have learned many problems that I have never realized before. It is urgent that immediate and effective actions should be taken right away. As an individual, there are lots way to reduce the global warming: to ride a bike instead of a car; to use environmental plastic bags and so on. Moreover we can call people to plant more trees which help improve and beautify the environment.
The more loving care showed for the environment, the more beautiful the world will become. Let us do our own bit towards protecting the environment. Let us be doing!

It is almost known to all that smoking is bad for people's health. Scientific researches show that smoking can lead to heart disease, cancer and other problem. The World Health Organization says diseases linked to smoking kill at least two million five-hundred-thousand persons each year.
Still, many people find it difficult to stop smoking. One reason is that smoking usually becomes a habitual behavior, and habits, whether good or bad are not easy to be given up. Another reason is the effect of nicotine, the substance found in cigarettes works on people somewhat as drugs do.
Measures have been taken to help people keep away from the harm of smoking. In many cities, smoking is forbidden in public places. The danger of smoking is warned of everywhere. And newspapers are asked not to publish advertisements for cigarettes. World "No Tobacco Day" is observed every year as the biggest campaign against smoking.

Advertisements are getting their way into people's lives. People depend on advertisers in their daily lives because they are consumers. The advertisers are always manufacturers. Sometimes they are salesmen. Their merchandise needs advertising. Thus nearly every product is advertised. To some extent, good advertising means success while bad advertising can means failure.
There are many ways to advertise and 'ads' come in different forms. Newspapers carry advertisements. Some products are announced on TV and radio which have a wide audience. Billboards also carry advertising. Advertising is a big industry now and many agencies are set up to furnish a variety of services for it.
However, advertising is not always truthful. A product is often misrepresented. The advertiser exaggerates the benefits of the merchandise he wants to sell. Thus, he misrepresents the truth. The consumer falls victim to such advertising. Millions of people have bought advertised products and they haven't always been satisfied.

Fighting Criminals
Today the crime rate in societies of our country is rising. Many citizens often complain about the thefts and robberies that have taken place in the areas they live in and appeal to the governments at all levels to take effective measures to reduce the crime rate.
Faced with criminals, some people are so frightened that they shamelessly give up the fight and other people turn a blind eye to them. However, some people are brave enough, to risk their lives to fight the criminals. Their fearless actions prevented the criminals from doing evils, saved the victims, and protected the public properties.
To reduce the crime rate, we all the people should first receive a law education. Criminals must be severely punished. Meanwhile we should set up a foundation to reward those who fight criminals. It is also important to call on people to learn from those heroes and encourage more people to stand up to crime.

Private car
1) Advantages of owning a private car. 
2) Disadvantages of owning a private car. 
3) Should it be necessary to enlarge the private car market? Why or why not? 

Nowadays, any Chinese can enjoy the luxury of owning a private car - if he or she can afford it. Having a car of your own means no more traveling to work on crowded buses or subway trains, and you can drop off the children at school on the way. Moreover, it also means that you can enjoy the weekends and holidays better, because with a car you can go to places where the regular buses and trains do not go, and so you can find a quiet scenic spot with no crowds. 
However, there are drawbacks to owning a car. For one thing, with the increase in car ownership in recent years, the roads are becoming more and more crowded, often making the journey to work more of a nightmare than a dream. For another, it is not cheap to run a car, as the prices of gasoline and repairs are constantly rising, not to mention the prices you have to pay for a licence and insurance coverage. 
Having considered both sides of the argument, I have come to the conclusion that the advantages of owning a car outweigh the disadvantages. Therefore, it seems to me that China should increase its output of automobiles and enlarge the private car market. The result would be that cars would become cheaper, while at the same time the extra demand would encourage the auto industry to produce more efficient and family-oriented vehicles.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled Asking for Leave of Absence. You should write at least 120 words according to the following guidelines:
Your name and role: Sam , a sophomore in English Class Two
Your Foreign Teacher’s name: Ms. Riddle
Incident: you cannot come to her class for some reason
Task: write her a note, asking for leave of absence
Asking for Leave of Absence
To: Ms. Riddle , my dear Oral English teacher
From: Sam, a respectful sophomore student of yours in Oral English Class Two
Date: January 8,2005
Subject: Asking for Leave of Absence
Dear Ms. Riddle,
I would like to know if I could ask for a casual leave of absence from your Oral English class this Wednesday morning.
Yesterday evening I got a phone call from my cousin, who is now running a small firm in suburbs of this city. He needs an interpreter for two days but cannot find the most reliable person, so he wants me to have a try. Personally, I regard this as a golden opportunity to put what I have learned in your class into practice, but I need your permission of absence. If you think I may go and help him get over the difficulty, I am confident that I’ll do a good job and both of us will grateful.

Earnestly yours,
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled On Power Failure. You should write at least 120 words according to the following guidelines (given in Chinese):
On Power Failure
Recently, every morning when I wake up, I find my air-conditioner automatically turned off . I didn’t understand why at first , but soon I learned that there was a great shortage of electricity supply in our city C my air-conditioner turned off because of a power failure midnight.
With the rapidly developing industry and the ever-increasing population, demand for electricity supply is soaring. Besides, summers in recent years are much hotter than before , so most working places and households are air-conditioned , which consumes additional electricity.
Face with such a hard nut, we have to find ways to crack it. Above all, in western areas China, there is surplus of electricity supply. So, cities that are thirsty for electricity may ask for remote help. Then, when we have electricity, we should remember to save it . Set your air-conditioners at 27C and you won’t feel less comfortable than when they are at 26C. In fact, some factories already shift their working hours to avoid the peak time of electricity consuming. My parents don’t work from Monday to Friday as before C they work form Saturday to Wednesday and have the following two days off instead. This is also a way out, isn’t it?

Directions: 假期即将到来,你(付萍)打算做一次为期三周的旅行,希望找个外国朋友作为游伴(Travel-mate)。拟一个寻游伴的启示,交代清楚日程安排、费用分担情况、对对方的要求,说明对方和你一起出游的好处。
Travel-mate Wanted
I’m a 19-year-old female sophomore named Fu Ping. I hereby earnestly invite a foreign young lady—college student preferred—to make a three C week touring trip with me.
My plan is to set off next weekend, when the summer vacation officially begins. The first stop is Kunming, the world-renowned city for its beauty and mild temperature. We’ll get there by train and stay there for 2 days, and then we’ll head for Jinggangshan, a former revolutionary base as well as a natural beauty spot. After a 3-day visit there, we will take a long-distance coach to a nearby port city by the Changjiang River and board a downstream ship to Shanghai, so that we can enjoy the great scenery alongside the third longest river in the world. As everybody knows, Shanghai is the busiest and fastest developing city in China. I’d like to have a look at its prosperity, so the stay there will be about half a week. And a famous Chinese saying goes, ”Just as there is Paradise in heaven, there are Suzhou and Hangzhou on Earth ”, so a 4-day visit to these two cities near Shanghai is must. All together, our trip will last about three weeks.
I only expect that my travel-mate could split the expenses with me and talk with me in beautiful English, and I would be an excellent guide for her since I major in tourist guiding.
Those interested please contact me either through email (
fuping@126.com) or phone call (52222221).
Directions: Suppose you are required to write a Want Ad for the Dean. You are supposed to base this ad on the outline given below:
Student Consultant to the Dean Wanted
Duties: meeting with students; presenting oral and written reports; attending sessions
Requirements: full-time student with a strong sense of responsibility
Salary: 6000RMB an academic year
Time Commitment: 15h weekly
Deadline: Dec.23; to Li Meng 74543322
The office of Dean of students is looking for a Student Consultant to the Dean for the upcoming academic year.
Duties of this position will include: meeting with students as individuals and groups to discuss issues, opinions, problems, complains suggestions and recommendations regarding all areas of college policy; presenting regularly oral and written reports to the Dean of students; and attending various college sessions in the capacity as the student spokesperson.
Candidates should be full-time students of this college. The ideal applicant will be skilled in report writing and oral communication; will get along with other individuals; and will demonstrate a strong sense of responsibility.
The salary of this position is 6000 RMB an academic year, and the time required for this job is 15 hours a week. Applicants can make a telephone call to Li Meng before Dec.23. The phone number is 74543322.

Directions: Away from Net-bar Campaign
Away from Net-bar Campaign
It has been reported that a middle school in Xuzhou City has recently launched a campaign named “Away from Net-bar”. More than a thousand students have signed for their solemn promise that they will not spend a single minute in the net-bars. With the nearing of the summer vacation, this campaign is especially meaningful for the healthy development of the minors.
The internet has brought people great convenience in getting information, entertainment and contact with others, and it has also benefited some businessmen, especially the owner of net-bars. While it is true that most net-bars are running legally, it is also true that some are offering unhealthy programs that involve violence and sex content. Since most middle school students are prone to be influenced and they can hardly tell which bars are doing well and which ones are not, it is only advisable that they stay away from all. Besides, staying away from net-bars also does good to students’ physical health. By passively sitting too long in front of the computer screen, both their eyesight and physique suffer.
Obviously, the Away from Net-bars Campaign is an activity that is worth advocating and it merits other schools’ reference
Online Education
Being online is no longer something strange in our life. To some degree, it has become part of our daily life. We can do a lot of things online, such as searching for information and communicating with friends far and near. But recently another helpful online activity has become very “in”. That is online education.
Why could online education be so popular within such a short period of time? Among other reasons, the quick development of the internet should be an essential one, which makes all our dreams of attending class in the distance possible. Another underlying reason is the quick development of both society and technology. Today, modern science and technology is developing with lightening speed. To catch up with this development we all feel an urgent and strong desire to study. However, due to the great pace of modern society, many people are too busy to study full time at school. Online education just comes to their aid.
Personally, I appreciate this new form of education. It’s indeed a helpful complement to the traditional educational means. It can provide different learners with more flexible and versatile ways of learning. Most of all, with online education, we can sick to our jobs and at the same time study and absorb the latest knowledge.

Air Pollution
health , surrounded by , smog , anything but , gases , impurities , absorb , poisonous , try hard , blacked out

We all know that clean air is important to good health. Wherever you go and whatever you do, you are always surrounded by a sea of gases that we call air. If there are impurities in the air, they may be absorbed by our bodies and make us ill. We need clean air, but unfortunately, air pollution is globally present , especially in cities.
Many large cities are anything but pollution-free. Our cities have many factories, which we need to make food, clothing and other things. Every year these factories pour millions upon millions of tons of smog into air. Power plants and houses that burn coal add greatly to air pollution. Besides, there are more cars in cities now. Once out on the streets, they will take in fresh air and replace it with poisonous gases.
Our country is trying hard to prevent and control air pollution. As long as every citizen also realizes its importance and makes join efforts, the day will come soon when people will take in only clean air. Then, the sunlight will no longer be blackened out by smoke and soot.

Directions: Read the following ad carefully, and you, by name of Wang Peng, are then asked to write a reply to apply for the job. Remember to send your letter to the company as given in the ad. You should write about 120 words.

Department of Human Resources
Lansheng Building
No. 8560, Huaihai Zhong Road
Shanghai, 200033
Wang Peng
No.31020, Zhongshan Road
Xu Hui District
Shanghai , 200076
January 8th, 2005

Dear Sir or Madam,
I learned from Beijing Youth Daily Jan.2 that your company is offering a position for a secretary, and it’s a great pleasure for me to write to explore the possibility of seeking the job.
I graduated two years form ** University, and obtained a bachelor’s degree in the field of business management. During my stay in the university my major courses included macro-economics, business communication skills marketing and computer applications. I was especially fond of the communication skills which enabled me to deal with people and thing around well.
Upon graduation I engaged with HP China Branch as an assistant to the head of Marketing Department. My responsibilities consisted of carrying out market surveys, writing reports and organizing meetings within the department. This is two-year experience has helped me a lot in many ways. In particular, I become increasingly aware of the importance of co-ordination and co-operation among co-workers. I also believe the experience will qualify me for the current vacancy in your company.
I passed CET-6 with high marks. My spoken English is also fluent enough to organize meetings in English, which was actually my routine work in HP. Most of my market reports were presented in English, as my former boss is a native English speaker.
I enclose herein my resume and some relevant documents as required. And if you need any further information on me, I also refer you to Mr. Johnson, my ex-colleague, who is available at 021-66668888.
I appreciate your sincere consideration of me, and am looking forward to an early interview with you.
Sincerely yours,
Wang Peng

To Be a small Fish in a Big Pond or a Big Fish in a Small Pond?
Just as there are distinct differences between being a small fish is a big pond and a big fish in a small pond, so it is with working as a subordinate in a large enterprise and presiding in a small firm.
With the former, you can derive a deep sense of satisfaction from being a member of a well-known organization such as General Motors, or the Bell Telephone System. You have the opportunities of learning from experienced executives and knowing about the standard working process.
With the latter, you have greater responsibilities and your decision may bring immediate effect. Normally you are exposed to various experiences and expected to do a great many thing without much help or guidance.
Personally I prefer to work in a small enterprise, where my prospect of promotion is good as long as I work hard. To tell the truth, I’d rather become a well-known and important figure within my own small pond.
Styles of Living
Some people enjoy living together with their parents after they have grown up. They hold the opinion because, living with parents , they can take better care of their parents and vice versa. Meanwhile, they can turn to their parents for help if they get into trouble or have some difficulties. To them, life in a big family seems to be more enjoyable than that in a small family.
Others, however, prefer to live separately. They cherish the idea to be independent of their parents, seek more freedom and wish to have a place of their own, in which they can do what they like. Bedsides, they don’t want to be overprotected by their parents but long for chance to face the society by thems, elves.
As to me, I like an independent life style in spite of the fact I love my parents. Different generations have different life styles and values. What one generation likes may not be another generation’s fondness. Living separately, each generation can enjoy different value. In addition, by leading an independent life, I can train my character and develop my own ability to deal with things encountered in my life.

Woman in Modern Society  
Title: Woman in Modern Society
1) Role of women in modern society  
2) Prejudices and discrimination against women  
3) My comment 
 Women play an important part in modern society. Now many women are going into professions, such as medicine, law and engineering. They comprise a large part of the workers in businesses and factories. In addition, they are working up to important positions which used to be held mainly by men. There are even some businesses which are run completely be women. Clearly, women are making outstanding contributions to the progress of modern society.
  There are, however, still some people who assert that men are superior to women in many ways. First, many jobs men do can hardly be done by women, who are physically not strong enough. Second, most of the world-famous scientists and statesmen are found to be males. Finally, the whole society seems to have always been dominated by men only. In their opinion, men should enjoy more rights than women do.
  Personally, I'm firmly standing on the side of those woman right defenders. Since both men and women are equally important in human activities, they should be on an equal footing. (173 words)

  2. Study the table
  A: Study the following table carefully and write an essay of at least 150 words.
  B: Your essay must be written on Answer Sheet.
  C: Your essay should meet the requirements below.
  1. Changes in people's daily expenses in the past five years
  2. Give possible reasons for the changes.
  3. Draw my own conclusions
  Study the table
In the past five years, there have been great changes in people's daily expenses in XX city. According to the figures given in the table, the amount of money spent on food decreased gradually, accounting for 35 per cent in 1998. However, there was a rapid increase in clothing expenses, which made up 17% in 1998. In addition, the table shows an upward tendency in recreation expenses. The same was the case with other expenses.
What caused these remarkable changes? In my opinion, there are at least three good reasons. To begin with, with the rapid development of agriculture in China, the output of grain, fruit, vegetables, and milk has sharply increased, which contributes to the decline in their prices. Secondly, the family incomes of people both in the city and in the country have greatly risen so that people now can afford expensive clothing and some of them even want to dress in the latest fashion. Finally, as the living conditions improve, the demand for a variety of recreations is growing steadily, too.
  In short, with the incomes rising continuously, people are no longer reconciled to living a simple, monotonous life. They are eager to make their life interesting and exciting. Therefore, I am sure that people will spend more money on clothing and recreations. (215 words)

  The role of Migrant Workers
Directions: Migrant workers (外地民工) have made a great contribution to be prosperity of cities. In this part, you are to write within 10 minutes a composition of no less than 150 words about "The Role of Migrant Workers". You can agree and or disagree, completely or partially to above statement. But no matter which position you take, you should give sound supporting reasons.
The role of Migrant Workers
As is known to all, migrant workers have made a great contribution to the prosperity of cities. They are an indispensable part of our workforce. Most of them work on construction sites. There is no doubt that without migrant workers many of the construction projects would have to be held up for lack of manpower. In addition, a large number of migrant workers is a factor which stimulates the consumption of food and daily items. This helps to develop food industry and service trades in cities. All these are positive aspects of migrant workers in cities.
However, as a popular saying goes, "Everything was two sides". The same is the case with migrant workers. First, they have trouble getting their children into child care centers and schools because they are unregistered residents in the city. As you know, illiterate people, who are usually ignorant of laws, tend to make trouble concerning law and order. Second, most of the migrant workers swarm into big cities just to make money. Being ignorant and incompetent, some of them would stop at nothing to get what they want. Therefore, they are a potential threat to the peace and stability of the society.
In my opinion, in the appraisal of migrant workers, it is one-sided to affirm everything or to negate everything. We should appreciate the great contribution made by them, and at the same time pay enough attention to the problems caused by them. (240 words)

  My First Day on the Campus
I still remember the day when I first came to the college. Being a boy of 17, I was longing for a new life as a college student; but, at the same time, I had no idea what college life would be like.
That morning when the bus carried me to the gate of the college, I was so excited that my heart was beating very fast as if it would leap out of my mouth. From now on, I would be a student of this college. After registration, we were led by an instructor to the dormitory, where, for the first time, we were going to live without parents but roommates. I was so clumsy that I did not know how to make the bed and fix the mosquito net.
In the afternoon, I took a walk around the campus together with my roommates. To think of studying in such a beautiful place made me feel quite proud of myself. As we were walking along, talking and laughing, a voice came into our ears, "Oh, look at these freshmen!" It was our middle-school-students' looking that gave us away. We continued our tour of the college, inspecting every building and every garden until the sun began to set.
In the evening, we sat together, talking about the past and the future. We were so excited that no one wanted to go to bed.

The Tape Recorder
The tape recorder is one of the most welcome and popular electronic devices ever invented. For example, it can reproduce sounds quite well, which are hardly distinguishable from the original. Besides, it is very handy and can be carried around. Furthermore, tape recorders are not so expensive as color TV sets or video-tape players, so most families can afford them. Therefore, the tape recorder is liked by everyone and has entered most homes.
This device is useful in many ways. For example, it is used by people to play music and thus gives them a lot of pleasure. Another example is that it is an effective aid for learning a foreign language. It may also serve as a useful tool for many professionals such as reporters and policemen and enables them to work efficiently.
However, it can also become a nuisance. Some youngsters play the tape recorder late at night and therefore disturb their neighbours' rest. Some shop-owners use it to attract customers and they often play music so loudly that customers feel very annoyed with it. Thus, the tape recorder should be put to good use.
  6. Studying Abroad
Attending schools abroad has many advantages. In the first place, by looking at our own country from outside, we can best see the strong points and weak points of our nation and therefore widen our vision and broaden our minds. Second, while studying in a foreign country, we can travel widely, visiting famous scenic spots and making friends with the local people. Thirdly we can use the foreign language in our daily life so that our ability in the second language may be improved quickly. But the most important thing in attending a foreign university is to get acquainted with the latest knowledge in science and technology and make use of the first-rate facilities available. For all these advantages, it is really worthwhile to go abroad for education.
However, as everything has two sides, there are also some disadvantages in attending a foreign university. The most serious problem is the language barrier. Most of the students who are ready to go abroad do not adequate knowledge of the language spoken there. As a result, on arriving there, they will find it difficult to understand what the instructors are saying. Besides, for lack of knowledge of the customs and way of life of the local people, they may run into trouble in dealing with various situations. Therefore, misunderstandings often arise. Furthermore, the cost of living is much higher than that in our country, so most students have to find part-tine jobs in order to help support themselves. Faced with these difficulties, many students find themselves unable to pay full attention to their studies and some students may even fail in their courses and learn little.
Therefore, given an opportunity to attend a school abroad, one must consider both sides of the factors carefully before making up his mind. On the whole, it is a good thing to go and study abroad particularly when the subject is very weak or not available in our country. But on the other hand, one must not lose sight of the disadvantages.

Is the Expansion of Enrollment a Good Thing?
Many colleges and universities have expanded their enrollment since 1998. The reasons for the expansion are as follows. Firstly, they want to keep up with the need of the job market to produce more qualified people to take up the jobs. Secondly, the expansion has entitled many high school graduates to the right of receiving higher education. Last but not least, it can raise the intellectual standards of our nation.
However, studies show that the trend to expand has brought about many problems. For instance, the teaching facilities and accommodation capacities of many colleges and universities are limited and are unable to meet the demand of an ever-increasing number of the newly enrolled students. On the other hand, the average quality of the freshmen is declining. In the long run, hunting for a job will be a tough thing for the graduates and that will inevitably exert much pressure on the prospects of employment.
In spite of all this, I am still confident that the expansion of enrollment is of great benefit to our society and is a good thing. With the development of our national economy, the problem as mentioned above will be solved if proper measures are taken.

Getting to Know the World Outside the Campus
With the development of our society, the campus no longer is an "Ivory Tower". It is necessary for college students to go outside to get to know the world. They should acquire knowledge not only from books but also from the society. Thus they can adapt to society more quickly after they graduate from school. Science and technology are developing rapidly with each passing day. Most students can keep themselves informed by watching TV, listening to the radio, reading newspapers and using computers. It's also good to take a part-time job, such as tutoring, or working in a restaurant. Any of these methods will enable students to get in touch with society.
Summer vacation will soon be here. I've already enrolled to be a volunteer to help others. I think I can do well. Although I won't be paid, the most important thing is that I can learn a lot about society.

 Harmfulness of Fake Commodities
  1.目前社会上有不少假冒伪劣商品(fake commodities)。为什么会有这种现象?

  Nowadays in the society, there are enormous fake commodities. When you go to the supermarket, you may buy some fake food commodities. When you go to the pharmacist's, you may buy some fake medicine.
  The deep root of this phenomenon lies in someone's greed for money. In order to get a large amount of money in a short time, they try every means to produce fake commodities, without any regard for other people's benefit and health.
  Fake commodities can do great harm to both consumers and society. For example, when a person bought fake medicine, it was useless in curing his disease and really a waste of money. Sometimes fake medicine can even cause death. Fake commodities are usually sold in a lower price. It causes unfair competition in the market economy and puts the whole society in disorder.

Don't Hesitate to Say "No"
  Don't Hesitate to Say "No"
  To help those who are in need is always regarded as a traditional Chinese moral. However people have to know well what the need is before the help is offered. When the need is just for some minority's benefit and against most people's interests, or when it is immoral or unlawful, people should not hesitate to say No. Otherwise they will put themselves into trouble.
Unfortunately, there are so many such examples around us that people end up their leadership in jail or bury their glory in shame simply because they don't say "No" while they should. Some people are reluctant to say "No" in front of all kinds of briberies as they want to swamp their power for money. They can't resist the temptations of accumulating wealth in a fast but illegal way. For their own good and their friend's favor, these people would sacrifice millions of RMB Yuan for an unproportional commission and therefore stake there future on scales of law. Other people don't say No because of misinterpreted friendship and lack of sense of law. They never hesitate to do whatever their friends ask them to do. They believe they are helping their friends even when they are actually violating the law or local regulations. Such people will also be punished according to the degree of their misbehavior.
  Therefore, to help is not always doing good. People should learn to say a No when the help might hurt other people's interests.

Reading Selectively Or Extensively?
Reading Selectively Or Extensively?
How should we read? Should we read selectively or extensively? Everyone has his own view.
Some people think we should read selectively. They argue that with the development of modern science and technology, more and more books are being published every day. It is impossible for us to read all the books. What's more, there are many bad books that are poisonous to our mind, and we shouldn't read them. Since we can't read all the books, and we shouldn't read bad books, we must read selectively.
But others may not agree. They emphasize that today's society is not what is used to be. If you want to be successful, you must read widely and acquire knowledge in both natural sciences and humanities, if a man knows much in one field but little in others, he may not be of great use to the society. Since we must have a wide range of knowledge, we must read extensively.
Who's right? There is a lot to be said for both sides of the argument. However, I think we should read extensively first and then dig into the subject we are interested in.
A letter
  A letter to a Schoolmate
  June 23, 2001
Dear Xiao Wang,
I am delighted to know that you will be able to visit me for a week during the National Day holiday. I am looking forward to your visit and to the opportunity to catch up. Welcome to my home in Nanjing!
As you know, Nanjing has many places of interest to see, to discover, and to enjoy. Among its historical sites are stone city wall, the Confucius Temple with its magnificent night view, and Dr. Sun Yetsen's Mausoleum. With all its universities, Nanjing is a cultural center, offering an abundance of artistic and musical performances. It's also a city of beautiful gardens and parks, such as the Xuanwu Lake Park. With all these features, we will have a fun-filled week, especially that in early-October, there are many sunny and mild days for outdoor activities. So, I would suggest visiting these places first, and deciding on the others as our week develops.
Finally, since at this time of the year the weather gets a little chilly in the evening, I would suggest that you bring some warm clothing with you. Also, as there will be crowds of people at the stations and on the trains, you need to be very careful with your belongings!

  Best wishes for a pleasant journey!
  Zhang Ying

How to Succeed in a Job Interview
Nowadays, in an ever tighter job market, great importance has been attached to an interview by both the employer and the applicant. The interview, so to speak, has become indispensable for getting a satisfactory job. On the one hand, the interviewer can take advantage of the occasion to learn about the candidates, such as their work experiences, education and their personalities, so as to pick out the right candidates for the company. One the other hand, the interviewee can make use of the opportunity to get to know the job he is going to take up, the credibility of the firm to which he has applied, and the working conditions as well.
Essential as it is, the job interview is far from fearful. Well begun, half done. Excellent performance in it will enable the would-be employee secure the job. But how can one succeed in it?
First of all, the interviewee has to pay attention to his or her appearance. Though we can never judge a person by his appearance, the first impression is always where we start. Secondly, good manners are equally important. The interviewee has to be neither too proud nor too timid. Just be courteous. Thirdly, the interviewee must demonstrate his aptitude and skills for the job and knowledge about the job-related areas; he must express himself clearly and confidently. Last but not the least, the interviewee ought to be honest about his or her personal as well as academic background, for honesty is the best policy.
  To sum up, the job interview is indeed important. There is no need to be nervous, however, if the interviewee has made full preparations for it and given a fairly confident and honest performance, his or her success can be ensured.

A letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus

January 12. 2002
Dear Mr. President,
My name is Li Ming. I am a sophomore of the law school. As the school year is drawing to a close, I venture to write a letter to you about the canteen service on campus which has given rise to much complaint among students.
The focus of the complaint is the poor quality of the food. The rice is just like bullets and the buns are like hand grenades. They are too hard for us to chew. And the vegetables are so overcooked as to lose their nutrients. The fish and meat are not given full measure. The only thing we are satisfied with is the free soup. However, the price of the food is surprisingly high. If we have 3 meals all in the canteen, at least twelve yuan is gone to keep our body and soul together. As a result, many of us go out to have meals.
Honestly speaking, the dining environment has been improved, with the wall painted and some Chinese calligraphy works posted up. But there are only two canteens on the campus. As the number of students is ever increasing, there is not enough space and seats to allow us to have our meals there. The attitude of the service staff to the students is not hospitable at all.
All in all, there is still much room for improvement as far as the canteen service is concerned. I hope we will not suffer for another two years.

Best regards.
Sincerely Yours
Li Ming

Student Use of Computers
  For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Student Use of Computers. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below:
  Study the table
  Student Use of Computer
Since 1990, there has been tremendous growth in the use of computers by students. While in 1990, the average number of hours a student spent on the computer was about one hour per week, this number grew to nearly four hours per week by 1995, and to approximately 20 hours per week by the year 2000.
This significant growth in the use of computers by students in the 1990's can be attributed to several factors, including widespread usage, lower prices, and technological and social developments. Nowadays, computers are widely used by students for word processing, book keeping, multimedia presentations, and access to the Internet for both research and communications. Additionally, since 1990, due to competition and technological advances, computer hardware and software prices, as well as Internet usage charges have dropped significantly. Finally, technological developments and changes in social habits in the 1990's have played a major role in this tremendous growth in the use of computers. Today's society relies heavily on computers for immediate access to the news and for entertainment, including, listening to music, watching movies and sport events, and playing computer games.
While computers are of great assistance to the students, and therefore, are indispensable tools, they also pose some challenges. The biggest challenge that many students face is discipline in the use of this powerful device. That is, students need to have the discipline of not allowing themselves to be lured by the entertaining aspects of this wonderful tool-aspects that can result in addiction to computer games or viewing of undesirable material on the Internet. That is to say, students need to use this powerful tool with great wisdom!

It Pays to Be Honest
It Pays to Be Honest
Nowadays people are troubled with mass of dishonest behaviors in society. Teachers get annoyed when they catch students cheating on exams; consumers get hurt when they unfortunately buy some fake products; children are misled when they see their parents tell lies so as to evade the responsibility they should take.
Why do people cheat? The main reason probably lies in immediate interest they may obtain by cheating. For example, a company, which manufactures fake products, may seem to win for a moment because it can minimize its manufacture cost by doing so. This kind of businesses, however, will be driven out of the market in the long run. For the consumers after getting to know the poor quality of the products will not buy them anymore.
The same is true of individuals. Dishonest people dare not take on the responsibility of life. They cheat in class, in office, at home and so on. But the truth can hardly be masked. The moment the truth comes out they will lose their credibility, which is easier to destroy than to rebuild. Consequently, these dishonest will suffer a long time because of their cheating behaviors. In conclusion, no one can afford to be dishonest in a civilized society.
Honesty is the pillar of a society. People will benefit from being honest in the long run. That's why we say it pays to be honest.

An Eye-witness Account of a Traffic Accident
Yesterday afternoon, I happened to witness a terrible traffic accident on my way home from school. It was 5:30 p.m., I was riding my favorite Giant back home. When I got to the last crossing on the Golden Lion Street, the red light was on. So I applied the brakes, along with a long queue of vehicles waiting to pass.
Just at that moment, a heavy-load truck with earth roared forward at my side and bumped against a private Accord of Honda travelling eastbound. As a result, the windshield of the lorry was broken into pieces and its driver got fatally wounded on the head on the steering wheel. The driver of the Accord and his girlfriend, the only passenger in the car, only got minor injuries, but his car lost its rear axel and two wheels and was totally dead.
As for the cause of the accident, I think the driver of the lorry should be held responsible: the light was red then; he should have stopped and waited. It was he who had broken the traffic regulations. In addition, the bad weather was part of the cause. It was drizzling then, and the road was quite slippery. Finally, drunk driving was probably an important factor. As the police discovered on the spot, there was a heavy alcoholic smell on the dead body of the lorry driver.

A letter
  A Letter in Reply to a Friend
  Dear friend:
  I am very glad to learn that you'd like to apply for admission to my university.
  Since you are good at argumentation and debate, I strongly recommend that you major in law. So far as I know, you are an upright dynamo always ready to defend for the wronged people and let justice prevail. On the other hand, you seem to be a keen observer and analyst. You really have the makings of a good lawyer.
Now I should (like to) mention some important points you should pay attention to. First of all, you should exert yourself to get high scores in the coming college Entrance Examination, for laws is a very popular major in our university. There is fierce competition in the enrollment of newcomers. In addition to the routine preparation for the exam, it is necessary to have a sound body for your sound mind to dwell in. Go over all your lessons and read some books about law, and you will be more confident of your getting enrolled.
Just try your best, and you will give full expression to your talent in the future.
Good luck!

A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction
Your role: a tour guide
Your audience: a group of foreign tourists
Your introduction should include:
1.some welcoming words
2.the schedule for the day]
3.a description of the place the tourists will be visiting
(e.g. a scenic spot or a historical site etc.)
I feel it a great honour to be your tour guide today. First, on behalf of my company, I warmly welcome all my distinguished guests from Australia to Shanghai and the Oriental Pearl TV Tower.
Located on the Huangpu River, the Oriental Pearl TV Tower is now the symbol of the city. Built in 1994 and opened to the public in 1995, it is now the highest building in Shanghai and the third highest in Asia. The Tower has a quite unique structure and consists of 3 large and 5 small balls. Inside the balls, you can have a bird's eye view of the city.
Our schedule for the trip to the TV Tower is as follows: you have an hour form 9:30-10:30am to experience the history of Shanghai on the first floor. Then we'll assemble in the middle of the hall at 10:30 and have another hour to overlook the beautiful city sceneries in the middle ball. Finally please do remember to go to the top ball at 11:30 to enjoy your lunch.

Thanks for listening. Have a good time!

A Campaign Speech
Good evening Ladies and Gentlemen:
Thank you for coming to this election campaign today. With the trust and complete support of my team, I am delighted to announce that I am running for chairman of the Student Union.
As a diligent man with pleasant personality, I have been always considered to be a good team member. Meanwhile, as a big fan of sports I fully realize the importance of teamwork and advocate the spirit of being quicker and stronger. I possess strong determination to take firm steps toward achieving the objectives of my team. In addition, my working experience with the Student Union in the past two years will be extremely helpful to my future work here if I get elected.
A sign of a really strong organization is that it can change its leadership without hindering its progress and without damaging its values. If I am elected, I believe I have the capability to lead the Union to advance in the right direction. I will cooperate well with my fellow members of the Union and take innovative measures, including establishing a student-information center, forming a teacher-student-friendship association, to make the Union a true assistance to students' study and life here as well as a bridge of communication between teachers and students.
Thank you very much.

Teacher's Day
  It is Teacher's Day today. On this special occasion I would like to extend my heartfelt congratulations to all teachers, "Happy Teacher's Day!"
  Of all teachers who have taught me since my early childhood, the most unforgettable one is my first English teacher in college, Ms. Zhang. It is she who has aroused my keen interest in the learning of English and helped me realize the importance of self-reliance. Born into a poor farmer's family in a mountainous area and educated in relatively primitive surroundings, I found myself lagging far behind in the first class in college, which happened to be Ms. Zhang's English class. I was really discouraged and frustrated, so I decided to drop out. Ms. Zhang was so keenly insightful that she had noticed my embarrassment in class. After class, she called me into the Teacher's Room and discussed the situation with me, earnestly and kindly, citing the example of Robinson Crusoe to motivate me to go ahead in spite of all kinds of difficulties. "Be a man and rely on yourself," she nudged me. The next time we met, she brought me a simplified version of Robinson Crusoe and recommended that I finish reading it in a week and write a book report. Under her consistent and patient guidance, not only has my English been greatly improved, but my confidence and courage enhanced considerably.
"Rely on yourself and be a man," Ms. Zhang's inspiring words have been echoing in my mind. I will work harder and try my utmost to lay a solid foundation for my future career. Only by so doing can I repay Ms. Zhang's kindness and live up to her expectations of me, that is, to become a useful person and contribute to society.

A Letter of Application
1. 我是大二学生(sophomore),现申请从自动化系转到商务管理系
2. 申请的主要原因
3. 对转系带来的麻烦表示歉意,并希望有关领导能同意我的申请
Dear Sir/Madam,
I am a sophomore with major in Automation. Though I have made a great progress during my first year academic training, I find that I am more interested in Business Administration. Now I am writing to you to formally request to switch to this area of study.
The main reason for my decision is that the major I am studying in is my parents' choice. They insisted that I should study what they had learned before but after a year's study I have come to realize this is not the career I want to pursue in my future life. Besides, I have attended business classes as my optional course and achieved a good success, which further confirms my decision.
I am sorry for any inconvenience or trouble that might have been caused by this change. The decision is not made lightly. I do appreciate your kind consideration and sincerely hope you will grant me the shift to the new department.

Yours sincerely
Zhang Ming

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