图表作文常用短语和句型

图表的种类和表达的内容形式
Table: number, percentage
Bar chart (column chart): percentage, proportion
Line graph: trend
Pie chart: proportion
Diagram: procedure, process
Map: layout, location

表示图表表达内容的动词
The line graph shows, describes, illustrates, reveals, unfolds, compares, summarizes, suggests, outlines.

对图表内容解释的动词
according to, as shown in, as can be seen from the line graph, it can be seen from,we can see from,it is clear from,it is apparent from the line graph that...

表示上升和提高的动词
increase,rise,go up,grow,jump,climb,surge,shoot up,boom,,

表示下降的动词和名词
decrease,decline,go down,fall,be reduced,drop,sink,dip,slump, reduction

表示保持不变的短语
fluctuate,fluctuation between 900 and 1000,,remain the same at 100,do not change,stabilize,remain stable at,remain constant at,remain steady,stay constant at,maintain the same level,level off at,level out at

表示变化程度的形容词和副词
rapid,sharp,significant,dramatic,drastic,dramatically,drastically,gently,relatively,rapid (lee),gradual,moderate,steady,slow,slight,substantial,considerable,noticeable,negligible,


常用句式

Television licenses increased sharply from 1957 to 1974.
There was a sharp increase in television licenses from 1957 to 1974.
The trend /momentum slowed down in August.
The trend began to gain momentum in August.
The rise lasted fro three months and then began to level off in May.
A sharp increase was replaced by a slight decline in August
A very noticeable trend was the drastic increase in the use of cars.

In 1978, the numbers reached its top/ highest point/ peak/plateau at 20
In 1978, the number peaked at 20%.
In 1978, the number reached it’s bottom/lowest point at 20%.

The profit doubled from March to May.
The profit increased three times/ three –fold from March to May
The profit decreased three times/three fold from March to May.
They made twice/three times the profit in May than in March.
There was a three-fold increase in the profit from March to May

During the first quarter, company X’s profit decreased slightly from $7000 t $600, but rose sharply to$8000 by the end of September.
Company X’s profit fell dramatically during the second quarter from $ 8000 to only $1000, whereas that of Company Y continued to rise, peaking at over $6000 by the end of December.
In the third quarter, company X’s profit increased steadily to $200 and then remained stable, while company Y’s profit fluctuated between $6000 and $4000.
The profit of both company and company Y gradually increased to $4000 and $6000 respectively.
From this point until the mid-1970s, the number increased slowly, with some fluctuations, to just over 700.

In managerial positions, there are more males than females.
A greater number /percentage/proportion of men than women are found in managerial positions.
A smaller number /percentage/proportion of women are found in managerial positions
The number /percentage/proportion of men who are employed in managerial positions is much/slightly larger than that of women working in the same occupations.
People buy more while cares than red cares.
While, which is 56, 4% is considerably more common than blue, which makes up 12%.
The other colors, which constitutes 2%, are considerably less popular than blue.


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