应用文常用句型

应用文之所以在复杂性和功能性上超出其它文体,是因为它具有一套自己的特定语汇,体现在句型上,就是各类主题信函需要使用的各种功能句型。这些句型的使用,提高了书信语言的正式程度以及规范性。如果考生即兴发挥,有可能用词和用句都过于简单化,语气随意,写出的效果也就使人发笑。但是掌握了这些句型,就等于掌握了一种产品的制造方法,可以轻松地写出非常恰当到位的表达,结合具体信息点,各种应用文体也就迎刃而解了。

投诉主题
I am writing to you to complain about…
I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with …
I am writing to call your attention to the awful fact that …
I am totally disappointed to find that …
I can hardly bear/tolerate/put up with it any longer.
There are some serious problems that deserve your close attention. For one thing, … For another … Even worse …
If it is not properly settled, I would have to complain to the Consumer’s Association.
I request you to be kind enough to solve the problem as soon as possible.
I hope that the situation above will be improved as soon as possible.
 
感谢主题
I am extremely grateful to you for your kind/selfless help.
I am much obliged to you for your kind assistance.
I really appreciate your timely assistance.
I am writing to express my gratitude for the many kind deeds you have done to me.
It is very considerate and generous of you to make such a good arrangement.
But for your help, I would have…
Had it not been for your kind assistance, I would have …
Words failed me when I want to express my sincere gratitude to you.
It is the fine quality of your products and the first-class service that help you set up a world reputation.
For this reason, I am writing to express my heartfelt thanks and hope that your company will have a brighter future.
 
道歉主题
I must apologize to you for my terrible mistake.
I am awfully sorry that …
I am sorry for the inconveniences that I have brought to you.
I sincerely hope that you will understand that I offended you quite unintentionally.
Needless to say, it is my fault.
I am to blame for this unpleasant situation.
I sincerely hope that you will accept my apologies.
I sincerely ask for your forgiveness.
I am sure that I will not make such a stupid mistake again.
I hope the settlement of the matter will meet your demand.
 
咨询主题
I am writing to inquire about the details on …
I would like to obtain some information about …
I would be very grateful if you would be kind enough to provide me essential information about…
Your prompt and favorable attention to my inquiry would be highly appreciated.
I would be much obliged to you if you could let me know the procedures I have to go through.
 
申请主题
I am writing to let you know about my keen interest in the academic research on…
I would like to ask for your permission to attend the conference on August 31.
I would sincerely request that …
If additional information is required, please advise me at your early convenience.
Your prompt and favorable attention to my request would be highly appreciated.
I am looking forward to a favorable reply at your earliest convenience.
 
求职主题
I have read your advertisement in Nov.23 Beijing Evening News for a part time interpreter, and should be grateful if you could consider me favorably as an applicant for the position.
I wish to apply for the post mentioned in your advertisement in yesterday’s newspaper.
I believe I am suitable for the job due to my rich experience on the field and my pleasant personality.
Upon graduation, I first worked as… The following job was … and currently I am working for…
With the kind of experiences I have accumulated, I would expect a salary no less than …
I shall be much obliged if you would give me an opportunity for an interview.
I am looking forward with great interest to hearing from you regarding my application. 
 
邀请主题
I am writing to invite you to attend a party on…
I am particularly anxious to have you join our party on…
I feel it a great honor If you could participate in …
I should be much pleased if you would come to our party on…
We look forward to seeing you as our honorable guest.
 
推荐主题
I am very glad to recommend you a former student of mine, Mr…. to be a candidate for…
With reference to your advised position, I have the pleasure to say that he is the just person you are looking for.
In view of his previous achievements, I am convinced that Mr…. will become a successful graduate student/staff member in your university/company.
He has proved to be industrious, conscientious, responsible and skillful in carrying out his assignment.
If further information about him is required, please do not hesitate to contact me.
I would be most grateful if you would consider my recommendation and kindly offer him the job.


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