英语议论文写作常用句型模板

英语议论文的语言特点

由于与其他文体相比,英语议论文类似英语说明文,因此,它具有英语说明文的一些语言特点,比如:时态较为统一,多用现在时;强调语言表达的客观性;尽可能指明信息来源等等。但作为一种独立的文体,英语议论文在语言上也有一些自己特有的表达形式:

  1.较多使用表达委婉语气的词语和句子
  与英语说明文相比,英语议论文不仅需要说明自己的观点,而且还要让读者接受自己的观点,因此,在词语表达上除了客观之外,还必须注意委婉。在英语中,常用虚拟语气,让步状语从句和情态动词can, could,may, might, would, should等。请看下面两组有关“面试在招生过程中的重要性”的文字:
  (1) No one should be admitted into(招收进) college without a personal interview(面试)。What can admissions people(招生人员)tell from a piece of paper?They can tell nothing.Only when they see a student face to face, can they decide what kind of a person he is.
  (2) Though admissions people can learn some things from a piece of paper, such as how well a person writes and what he is interested  in, there  may  be  many  other  things that  an  application (申请表) can not tell but can only be seen in a personal interview.The way a person talks, the way he thinks about and answers questions,the  way  he  reacts(反应), are  all  important  facts  of  a person which can not be found on a piece of paper.
  两段文字都强调“大学生入学必须面试”,但相比之下,例(2)用了情态动词,though引导的让步状语从句等表达方式,语气较为委婉,更容易为读者所接受。

  2.使用有辩论、推理等含义的连接词和过渡词等词语结构
  英语议论文讲究辩论推理的条理性和逻辑性,因此,往往较多地使用这类性质的过渡词和连接词,常用的包括:since (既然),now that(既然),  therefore(因而), consequently(因此), accordingly(因此), hence(因而), in that case(在那种情况下),because(因为),so(所以)。另外,还有些句型也常出现在英语议论文中,比如: It follows that…(因而……),If…, we may conclude that…(如果……,我们可以这样下结论……),  Should it be the case(如果是这样的话……), Idon't want to…, but…(我并不想……,但是……),  If you admit…,then…(如果你承认……,那么……), It is true that…, but…(诚然……,但是……),   Even  if…(即使……)等。
  下面这篇学生作文较好地使用了上述这些英语议论文常用的连接词和过渡词等词语结构,从而使文章的辩论和推理条理清晰,富有说服力:
  Some people say that they will not give up smoking because they have the right to do what they want to do since smoking is not against the law.Yes,it's true that smoking does not violate (违反) the law and therefore they can do as they like,but what is equally true is that they have to be responsible for what they do at the same time. Now I don't want to bring fears to anyone,but here are some statistics(统计数字)  I've just got from newspaper: Over seventy percent of the people who died of lung cancer were  heavy smokers. More  than  thirty-five  percent  deformed(畸形的)babies have smoking mothers. Even if those chain smokers (一支接一支抽烟者) are not afraid for themselves, shouldn't they be afraid for their family members if they have got any?

 

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英语议论文常用句型

A.引出问题或导出结论的句型
  1. Although everyone believes that ..., I doubt whether the argument bears much analysis.
  2. Although everyone holds that ..., I wonder whether the argument bears close examination.
  3. Contrary to widely held accepted belief, I believe that ...
  4. Contrary to commonly held accepted view, I argue that ...
  5. They may be right about ..., but they seem to neglect to mention the fact that ...
  6. They may be right about ..., but they seem to fail to take into account the fact that...
  7. The advantages of B outweigh any benefit we gain from A.
  8. The advantages of B carry more weight than those of A.
  9. When the advantages and disadvantages of ... are carefully compared, the most striking conclusion is selfevident.

B.解释原因或分析影响的句型
  1. One may regard the trend as a sign of ...
  2. One may view the phenomenon as a result of ...
  3. One may think of the phenomenon as a response to ...
  4. The changes in ... mainly results from the fact that ...
  5. The failure in ... largely arises from several factors.
  6. The success in ... partly is because of the fact that ...
  7. The increase in ... largely is because of ...
  8. There are several causes for this dramatic growth in .... First..., second...
  9. There are different reasons for this significant decline in ...
  10. ... is partly responsible for the rise in ...
  11. ... is mainly responsible for the decrease in ...
  12. It is no easy task to find the reason for this complicated phenomenon which...
  13. It is no simple job to give the reason for this deepseated tendency which...

C.阐述或论述的句型
  1. We may cite a single example of ...
  2. We may quote a common example of ...
  3. We may mention another example of ...
  4. A recent survey conducted at a university indicates that ...
  5. One nationwide poll taken by some scientists reveals that...
  6. According to the figures/ statistics released/ provided by the government...
  7. As can be seen in the findings/ data provided/ released by an institute...
  8. There is (no) good/ little/ strong evidence/ proof that ...
  9. There is (no) good/ little/ strong proof in favor of/ against ...
  10. At first thought, it may seem a sound solution, but on second thought, we find that ...
  11. At first thought, it may seem an attractive suggestion, but carefully weighing on the mind, we find ...

常用议论文模版

1.利弊议论文

Model 1

It is a new thing that_____. Many people welcome this new development while others have expressed their concern about this.

Those who take sides against this new trend believe that _____ because_____.

One common argument, however, for ____ is that_____.

Of the two views discussed above, I am in favor of the _____. My reason is that____.

Model 2

As is known to all, there has been a wave of ____. There are many advantages / disadvantages of this modern way. First of all, _____. In the second place, _____. Lastly, _____.In a word, ____.

Model 3

When asked about ____, different people will offer different opinions. Some people take it for granted that _____. In their mind, ____. Besides, ______.

However, others hold that ____. They maintain that ____.

Weighting up these two arguments, I am for the first one. For one thing, ____. For another, _____. Therefore, as stated above, ____.

Model 4

____ is becoming more popular in ____, especially among ____. Today, it’s certainly difficult to think of ____.

There are several reasons for its popularity. First, ____. Second, ____.However, in terms of _____.

2.个人观点议论文

Model (1)

Nowadays more and more people pay more attention to _____. Some people argue that ____ while others firmly hold that _____.

In my opinion, I think this question should be probed in depth. On one hand, the first group is not totally correct because ____. On the other hand, the second group seems ____ because ____.

In a word, we can see clearly that the key lies in ____. Otherwise _____.

Model (2)

It becomes a common tendency these days for people to ____. Many people are opposed to ____ because they think_____. They also argue that ____.

In my mind, however, I can’t agree with ____. At the same time, _____. In addition, ______.

In conclusion, ______.

Model (3)

____ has been one medium of communication that has connected all the people around world. More and more people tend to concern the ____, because it is so _____ that _____.

The advantages of ____ are obvious to some people. For one thing, in terms of ____, _____. As a result, _____. Consequently, _____. For another thing, _____.

Personally, I side with the former opinion. Because _____. However, _____.

Model (4)

Presently, one phenomenon calls for people’ s attention that ____.

In general, ______. For one thing, _____. (For example, _____.) For another, _____.

As far as I am concerned, _____. To sum up, _____.

3.解决方法类议论文

Model (1)

If you ____, what will you feel? Of course, you will feel ___ because _____. Besides this, ____. For one thing, ____, For another, _____.

No easy solution can be taken to cope with the problem of ____, but ____. Therefore, my viewpoint is that _____. There is no doubt that ____.

Model (2)

Most of us today recognize that ____ has been a greatly serious problem. Therefore, _____.

From above, we can find that the reasons why ____, are as follows, the primary reason, I think, _____. For example, _____. However, ____. Second, _____. The third reason actually is the result of ____.

Therefore, _____. Moreover, _____. Let’s make our good efforts, and _____.

议论文模板A

There is a widespread concern over 文章所要讨论的话题. The opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. 观点一. In their views there are three factors contributing to this attitude as follows. In the first place 理由一. What’s more 理由二Finally 理由三

However 观点二for the following three reasons. First 原因一. Second 原因二.And what’s worse 原因三.

From my point of view 自己的观点.


议论文模板B

There is a heated debate over .It is commonly/widely accepted that . In contrast others . Those who hold the first opinion suggest .in their view .

However others think . They argue that .

Considering one after another I stand on the side of . First of all . Further- more .Thirdly .Therefore .


议论文模板C

Different people will offer quite different ideas/views . Many people hold the view that . However others strongly support . Some may declare/claim . They stick to such an idea because .

In contrast the objectors think . They argue that . First . Second .Last but not least __________.

As far as I am concerned I agree to . In a word .

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