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2012年美国图书馆建筑设计展<下>(Library Design Showcase 2012)

    2012年3月8日~3月14日举办的“2012年美国图书馆建筑设计展”,展示了新建或翻新图书馆的新亮点,很引人注目。
    近年来,随着美国图书馆业改革和转换活动的持续,馆体结构的改变必须支持图书馆服务、任务和读者的变化已成为一大新趋势。这次展出较全面地体现了国外图书馆新馆的建设理念、规划和布局等,给人以耳目一新之感。

    Library Design Showcase 2012:American Libraries’ annual review of the best in new and renovated library facilities
    全文详见:http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/librarydesign12

    全文有12个部分:Youth SpacesThe Outdoor LibraryTechnology EnabledReuse and RestorationService FlexibilityBuilding for AccessibilitySuper SchoolsGreen FacilitiesSmall Projects, Big ImpactFinding Your WayCollaborative LearningThe Shape of Things。其中的设计案例大多为公共图书馆,但在Collaborative Learning部分,大学图书馆的实例却占多数,可见美国大学图书馆很重视合作学习、信息共享空间、学习共享空间的设计。
    这里挑选大学图书馆设计案例如下:

    6、Library Design Showcase 2012:Green Facilities
    Green construction has been a growing trend for several years. Daylighting, green roofs, solar panels, water management, and certification under the United States Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) continue to gain popularity. The following libraries are each notable for their sustainability features.

    ↗  Centennial College Library and Academic Facility, Toronto, Ontario
    Green Facilities:A four-story living wall improves indoor air quality in Centennial College’s Library and Academic Facility, which is targeting LEED Gold certification. Natural light reaches 75% of the interior, while a green roof atop the building’s auditorium and a rainwater-collection system for reuse in washrooms lower the environmental impact and reduce operating costs.
 
    ↗  University of California Berkeley, School of Law Library
    Green Facilities:Sustainable features of UC Berkeley’s renovated School of Law Library include drought-tolerant landscaping, on-site rainwater capture, daylighting, high-performance lighting and ventilation systems that automatically respond to existing climate conditions, and low-flow plumbing fixtures. The project also reduced environmental impact by avoiding unnecessary teardowns and rebuilds. The project is expected to achieve LEED Gold for new construction and LEED Silver for commercial interiors certifications. 

    ↗  University of British Columbia Faculty of Law at Allard Hall, Vancouver
    Green Facilities:The UBC Law Library occupies the third and fourth floors of Allard Hall, a building with 160 geothermal wells that will reduce the greenhouse gas footprint of the building by 87%. A reflecting pool in a courtyard collects rainwater, delaying its discharge into the storm water system, while shades and overhangs help to cool the building passively. Building materials include recycled steel, fly-ash concrete that reuses industrial combustion residues, and nontoxic paints and adhesives.

    ↗  University of New Brunswick, Saint John, Hans W. Klohn Commons
    Green Facilities:
An electric elevator only requires power when going up; when coming down, it generates power for the Commons, which contains the library and a number of academic services. Floor-to-ceiling windows minimize the amount of artificial lighting the building requires, while recycled grey water is used to flush toilets.

    7、Library Design Showcase 2012:Finding Your Way
    Helping people navigate their way through a new library is an important design consideration. The following libraries use a variety of methods, both subtle and overt, to help patrons know where they are and where they want to go. 

    ↗  University of Toronto, Robarts Library 
    Finding Your Way:Robarts Library is one of Canada’s biggest libraries, and a signature example of the brutalist school of architecture that is among both the most loved and hated buildings in Toronto. A multiyear renovation improved orientation by opening up corridors in the stacks, allowing daylight to extend deeper into the core. Touch-screen terminals in two new porticos identify where study space is available throughout the building. 

    ↗  Colorado State University, Pueblo, Library and Academic Resources Center 
    Finding Your Way:Each of the six floors of the Library and Academic Resources Center is designed for different functions and to provide different levels of technology, social interaction, and learning support. The first floor is an information commons with traditional library spaces, computer labs, IT help desk, cafe, and auditorium. The second floor offers learning support with classrooms, a writing room and tutoring center, and a research help desk, while higher levels focus on individual comfort and study needs.

    8、Library Design Showcase 2012:Collaborative Learning
    It’s hardly news anymore: The library is no longer a place for (just) solitary silence. The following facilities have made a special effort to provide space for cooperation and collaboration, while still respecting other patrons’ desires for silence. 

    ↗  North Carolina State University Libraries, D. H. Hill Library, Raleigh
    Collaborative Learning:The renovated Hill Library created spaces for several levels of collaboration. The technology sandbox encourages peer-to-peer learning in a laboratory with access to large-scale display and gesture-based computing tools. Faculty and staff can experiment with the space itself, particularly in ways that blend the physical with the virtual. The renovation also transformed the former print periodicals room into a silent reading room with marble-topped tables and ample access to power outlets. 

    ↗  Columbia University Science and Engineering Library, New York City 
    Collaborative Learning:Study rooms and shared work booths support students who wish to work together at Columbia University’s Science and Engineering Library. The facility hosts more than 50 high-end computer workstations with specialized software to support user needs. Double-height windows fill the library’s column-free space with natural light.

    ↗  Centennial College Library and Academic Facility, Toronto
    Collaborative Learning:The Centennial College Library offers 250 study, research, and collaborative work spaces for students, including workstations, small-group media-viewing carrels, technology studios, and video conferencing. An atrium with a living wall provides additional informal study and lounge space. 

    ↗  Pierce College Library, Lakewood, Washington
    Collaborative Learning:Different zones at Pierce College Library encourage different types of usage. The Collaborate Zone promotes group work, while the Flex Zone allows students to reconfigure tables and chairs and the Design Studio provides a variety of software and technical tools for practical application of their ideas. Other zones offer spaces for quiet reading and study. 

    ↗  Suffolk County (N.Y.) Community College, Eastern Campus Library
    Collaborative Learning:Flexible options throughout the Eastern Campus Library support different learning styles. The library boasts both group study rooms and individual study carrels, as well as group work tables with multiple seating options. Two heavily used information-literacy classrooms have centrally placed worktables and computers around the perimeter to accommodate both group discussion and individual work.

    ↗  Old Dominion University, Patricia W. and J. Douglas Perry Library, Norfolk, Virginia
    Collaborative Learning:The learning commons at the Perry Library has six collaboration rooms, each designed to accommodate four to six people, with flat panel monitors, laptop hookups, and computer, as well as one larger room for up to ten people. Near the entry is a seating area with a large screen and computer designed for interactive presentations, while a separate room allows students to practice class presentations on the same equipment found in all university classrooms.

    ↗  Oregon State University Libraries, Valley Library, Corvallis
    Collaborative Learning:The Valley Library dismantled its reference stacks in 2009, making room for collaborative workspaces on the main floor adjacent to the learning commons. Amenities include more than 160,000 square inches of fixed and mobile dry-erase surfaces, two media:scapes that allow students to display up to six laptops on large-screen monitors, and mobile tables, chairs, and screens that allow students to customize the space to their needs.

    9、Library Design Showcase 2012:The Shape of Things
    Libraries aren’t just giant boxes with books, and one of the striking things about submissions to the Library Design Showcase this year was the uniqueness of many of the shapes found within the library. For this final section of the Showcase, we highlight some of the distinct forms and patterns used in new and renovated libraries this year. Enjoy! 

    ↗  University of Chicago, Joe and Rika Mansueto Library
    The Shape of Things:The Mansueto Library, located adjacent to the University of Chicago’s main Regenstein Library, houses 3.5 million volumes underground, accessible via a high-density automated storage and retrieval system. An elliptical glass dome encloses the Grand Reading Room, and the library also houses conservation and digitization labs.
 
    ↗  Thompson Rivers University, Brown Family House of Learning, Kamloops, British Columbia
    The Shape of Things:The Brown Family House of Learning’s assembly hall is the largest in-the-round lecture theater in British Columbia. It references the traditional winter homes of nomadic Secwepemc people. The roof is constructed of Douglas fir glued laminated timber beams and recycled pine beetle–damaged logs surrounding a central skylight. 

    ↗  University of Oklahoma at Tulsa, Schusterman Library
    The Shape of Things:A grand staircase welcomes visitors to the Schusterman Library, which draws elements from the design of other campus buildings, including yellow brick, aluminum panels, and thin outcroppings over large windows. Interior materials include white maple hardwood flooring, cherry accents, and dark grey and charcoal carpeting.

    ↗  University of California at Santa Cruz, McHenry Library
    The Shape of Things:Bright serpentine couches offer inviting rest and work spaces for students at the McHenry Library.

  • quote 1.wanfang
  • 感谢华创新天齐祥宇将本文翻译为中文:
    2012年美国图书馆建筑设计展(大学部分)
    http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_8e7b6ecb01016jkn.html
    wanfang 于 2012-7-21 15:12:58 回复
    华创团队成立于2003年,由李大为老师(从事建筑设计与教学科研工作多年,国家一级注册建筑师、哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院教授)主持,是集建筑设计、建筑新技术推广与学术研究为一体的团队。
    完成的主要项目有:中央商城改造、龙江龙大厦、大庆新东风商场改造、呼兰农业银行集资楼、呼兰伸马综合楼、齐齐哈尔新玛特购物广场及屋顶花园、农垦职业学院图书馆、哈工大威海分校主楼等。
    http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_5d3bfd340100c47z.html
  • 2012-7-21 15:07:10 回复该留言

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