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只有建筑师使用的150个奇怪的词

    150 Weird Words That Only Architects Use  
  
    对于大多数建筑学学生,学习的前几年涉及建筑专业术语速成课程,从像难理解的“格式塔”那样学习词汇到重新定义你理解的像“空间”这样简单的概念。学习建筑词汇是最费心的过程,关涉将要作为一个设计师。
    This challenge is clearly a universal experience as well: when we asked our readers last month to suggest their picks for the "weirdest words that only architects use," we were inundated with suggestions - including 100 comments on the post itself and over 400 comments on our first Facebook post. Perhaps even more striking, though, was the fact that in all of these comments, there was remarkably little overlap in the words and phrases people were suggesting. The huge variety allowed us to select a list of 150 words - just a fraction of the total suggested.
    (“格式塔”这一术语起始于对视觉领域的研究。后来应用范围远远超出了人类的整个感觉领域——《建筑中的空间运动》66页。)

    Why Do Architects Use Such Strange Language?

    First up, to give our list some context we'll be discussing our readers' comments about the issues surrounding architectural language - those who are here for the list alone, feel free to scroll down!
    Architectural language can, of course, be used for good reason. Sometimes, concepts are too complex to express in everyday language, and some words refer to obscure architectural ideas that the general public would likely not have previous knowledge of.

    【推荐】有一个国际设计竞赛非常适合学习和理解“建筑词汇”:
    Circos国际建筑设计竞赛(http://www.circos.jp/index.html)是自2011年由Circos国际建筑设计竞赛组委会开始举办,这个竞赛每年会邀请20位日本知名的建筑师作为评委,通过设置不同的课题来挑选优秀的建筑设计竞赛提案。每一年的课题都是基于一些基本的建筑学名词,希望参赛的选手能够以自己的学识和经历来对这些简洁的名词提出自己的新的解释
    2015年竞赛课题是:内与外(Interior/Exterior):Making the Best of Both Worlds。
    2014年的课题是:重新审视轻与重的“重量”。
    (参见:http://www.landscape.cn/interactive/events/contest/2015/0911/176314.html)

Architecture-specific jargon:

  • Pastiche
  • Sustainability
  • Ergonomy
  • Genius loci
  • Facade
  • Charette
  • Regionalism
  • Threshold
  • Massing
  • Enfilade
  • Materiality
  • Poché
  • Post-industrial
  • Diagrammatic
  • Vernacular
  • Modular
  • Deconstruction
  • Typology
  • Parametric
  • Program
  • Skin
  • Building envelope
  • Vault
  • Arcade
  • Fenestration
  • Truncated
  • Parti
  • Flâneur
  • Phenomenology
  • Brutalism
  • Cantilever
  • Curvilinear
  • Rectilinear
  • Miesian
  • Corbusian
  • Permaculture
  • Blobitecture
  • Exurbia
  • Walkability
  • Pilotis
  • Verticality
  • Rebate
  • Mullion
  • Muntin
  • Gentrification
  • Stylobate

Simple words given new meaning by architects: 

  • Concept
  • Space
  • Fabric (urban or building)
  • Metaphor
  • Legibility (of something other than writing)
  • Dimension (meaning a characteristic of something)
  • Moment
  • Celebrate
  • Negotiate
  • Dynamic
  • Language
  • Context
  • Gesture
  • Proud (“the countertop is proud of the cabinet”)
  • Taxonomy
  • Hierarchy
  • Scale
  • Section
  • Formal
  • Nodes
  • Pods
  • Grain
  • Extrapolate
  • Device
  • Elevation 

Obscure words that architects overuse (or misuse): 

  • Iconic
  • Organic
  • Dichotomy
  • Eclectic
  • Kitsch
  • Sequence
  • Stasis
  • Interstitial / Interstice
  • Iteration
  • Juxtapose/Juxtaposition
  • Stereotomic
  • Tectonics (and architectonics)
  • Liminal
  • Articulate
  • Ephemeral
  • Domesticity
  • Anthropogenic
  • Regenerate
  • Hybrid
  • Generative
  • Ambiguity
  • Catalyst
  • Penetrate
  • Appropriate
  • Inspiration
  • Contemporary
  • Amalgamation
  • Performative
  • Hegemony
  • Curate
  • Bifurcate
  • Superimpose
  • Confluences
  • Gestalt
  • Zeitgeist
  • Banal
  • Blasé
  • Motifs
  • Procession
  • Homogenous
  • Palimpsest
  • Paradigm
  • Dissonance
  • Adjacencies
  • Parallax
  • Assemblage
  • Aesthetic
  • Monolithic
  • Uniformity
  • Morphology
  • Duality
  • Nuance
  • Transient
  • Redundancy
  • Robust
  • Bespoke
  • Holistic (sometimes even wholistic)
  • Simultaneity
  • Esoteric
  • Concretization
  • Schism 

Unusual terms or phrases that architects love: 

  • Play with (light, space, materials)
  • Human scale
  • Create/provide a gesture
  • How the ____ is received by the ____
  • Spatial composition
  • Map out
  • Explores the notion
  • Programmatic adjacencies
  • Activate the space
  • Public Realm
  • Outdoor room

Strange concepts within architecture: 

  • Solid/Void
  • Interiority/Exteriority
  • Push/Pull
  • Bottom up/Top down
  • Transparency/Opacity
  • Served and Service
  • Negative/Positive space

    (原文:http://www.archdaily.com/775615/150-weird-words-that-only-architects-use?ad_medium=widget&ad_name=most-visited-index)

    【续】150 Weird Words Defined: Your Guide to the Language of Architecture 
   
150个奇怪的单词定义:建筑学语言指南
    http://www.archdaily.com/779463/150-weird-words-defined-your-guide-to-the-language-of-architecture

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