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《时代周刊》2015最佳发明:6项将影响建筑界

    美国《时代》周刊网站2015年11月19日公布了2015年最佳发明TOP25榜单,至少有6项可能会影响到建筑世界,包括“地下公园”、“流浪者公寓”和“无人机港口”等在建筑领域内的发明,可以改变我们的设计和体验空间,这些项目可能意味着我们的未来。 


    最佳发明TOP2:地下公园(The Underground Park)

    公园设计者丹巴拉施说:“这个公园跟大家以前看到的都不一样。”这是纽约市下东区一个废弃的电车终点站,巴拉施与建筑师詹姆斯拉姆齐正努力将这里变成郁郁葱葱的绿色空间,让这里鲜花盛开,成为阳光下休闲放松的好去处。整个公园的关键是一个“远程天窗”系统,该系统从周边屋顶捕捉阳光,通过光纤将其引到地下;然后通过反光的圆屋顶散发出来,让植物得以生长。为了证明这一技术的有效性,巴拉施和拉姆齐建立了地下公园实验室;那是一个最终公园的原型版本。巴拉施说,被遗忘的地方也有可能得到利用,从而“造福公众”。  
    (详见:http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-lowdown-on-the-lowline-the-worlds-first-underground-park 及http://www.archdaily.com/tag/lowline)



    Lowline Lab -- The Lowline -- World's First Underground Park
    Introducing the Lowline Lab:http://www.thelowline.org/get-involved/lowline-lab/


    Could the Underground "Low Line" Be New York's Next Great Park?
    (图片来源:http://www.treehugger.com/urban-design/calls-park-and-commercial-development-compete-underground-spot-nyc.html)

    The Landscape Architecture Behind the Lowline
    http://www.archdaily.com/778856/the-landscape-architecture-behind-the-lowline

    【延伸阅读】地鐵站裡的公園 紐約The Lowline計畫
      http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20151121000275-260210

    地下世界景观(Scenes From Underground)
    http://article.yeeyan.org/view/165809/201268


     最佳发明TOP9:流浪者公寓(Housing That Welcomes the Homeless)

    几十年来,安置无家可归者的房子往往是指那些临时的棚子或仓库。洛杉矶的星公寓要用设计扭转这种趋势;设计者迈克尔马尔灿说,与其说这个公寓是一栋孤立的大楼,不如说它是个微型村落。除了巧妙分布在4个梯田状楼层中的102间房外,星公寓底层还有一个诊所,诊所上面是一座花园,一条户外跑道和教室空间。马尔灿说,这个设计的目的是让住户感到“他们是一个活跃、亲密群体的一部分”,帮助无家可归的人和存在恶瘾的人重新过上稳定生活。

    2015年最佳发明TOP25榜单http://www.gamersky.com/ent/201511/685916.shtml   


    6 Designs By And For Architects that Made TIME's 25 Inventions of the Year
    In this day and age, innovation is occurring at a faster rate than ever before. And while a majority of ideas may make a small impact before fading away, some inventions are able to slip through the cracks and become a real game changer in their field. Our field, of course, is architecture, and this year there have been no shortage of inventions that may change the way we live and work forever. In TIME magazine’s annual release of inventions of the year, at least 6 may have an impact on the world of architecture, encompassing inventions within the field of architecture itself and developments that could change how we design and experience space. Read on for those projects and what they might mean for our future.

    Inventions Within the Field of Architecture:   

    1、The Lowline / Dan Barach and James Ramsey
    Dan Barach and James Ramsey’s idea to build a park out of an abandoned subway station has been bouncing around since 2011, when its creators used the crowdfunding website Kickstarter to raise over $150,000 towards building a prototype. The system uses a unique solar capturing system, filtering sunlight through fiber optic cable to provide formerly dark spaces with enough light to sustain plant growth. Naming the project in a nod to the 21st century’s most successful urban intervention, the Highline, the Lowline hints at a potential future where we can activate underground, windowless spaces into comfortable environments. 


    2、Star Apartments / Michael Maltzan Architecture
    Designed by architect Michael Maltzan for Los Angeles nonprofit Skid Row Housing Trust, Star Apartments’ terraced layout creates a village-like atmosphere for LA’s homeless community. The complex features a ground-floor medical clinic, a garden, a running track and classroom spaces in addition to 102 300-square-foot studio apartments. The building’s inviting exterior and dynamic interiors encourage interaction and subvert traditional ideas of homeless housing. But the true innovation here may be in its construction - Rather than demolish the site's existing building, Maltzan decided to grow the structure vertically by lifting prefabricated units into place using a crane.


    3、Drone Port / Foster + Partners
    Big tech companies like Google and Amazon have been pushing towards using drones for delivery services for a few years now. However, the first fully realized drone-delivery infrastructure looks set not to be realized in Western capitalist markets but in Rwanda, where three “drone ports,” designed by Sir Norman Foster will transport food and medical supplies to the countryside through difficult terrain. The modular, arched structures make constructing in phases simpler, and also contain features such as a health clinic, a digital fabrication shop, a post room and an e-commerce trading hub, making the building an important civic center for the region.
    详见:Foster + Partners Unveils Design for Droneport in Rwanda 
    英文:http://www.archdaily.com/773757/foster-plus-partners-unveils-design-for-droneport-in-rwanda
    中文:http://www.archcollege.com/archcollege/2015/09/20811.html

    Inventions that Could Change How We Design and Experience Space:

    Microsoft HoloLens
    If Google Glass and the Oculus Rift were to reproduce, you might end up with Microsoft’s HoloLens. The headset’s lenses are transparent, but contain holographic projection abilities, allowing for the most complete demonstration of “augmented reality” yet realized. Already being used by NASA to recreate Martian surfaces and by medical students to dissect virtual bodies, it’s not difficult to imagine architects embracing the technology to show clients how their renovation will open up their new space or even to build and interact with a 3D model on site.
    详见:Microsoft Reveals Holographic Features for Windows 10 
    (http://www.archdaily.com/590403/microsoft-reveals-holographic-features-for-windows-10)



    Google Cardboard
    Along with the HoloLens, virtual reality has seen several major steps forward in the past year. But while the HoloLens is innovative in its function, Google Cardboard has been revolutionary in its accessibility. The device is free and DIY, and can be assembled using a few simple materials and instructions provided by Google, or purchased from a third-party vendor. Then, simply slip in your smartphone and put on the headset to enter another world.
    详见:Virtual Reality: Coming to an Architecture Office Near You 
    (http://www.archdaily.com/616251/virtual-reality-coming-to-an-architecture-office-near-you


    Apple Pencil (with iPad Pro)
    Tablet screens have for drawing have existed for some time now, but Apple’s foray into the drawing world has brought an increased precision and user-designed experience for illustrators and architects. Apple Pencil works just like a traditional graphite pencil works on paper - users can achieve different tones and width of stroke by how hard and at what angle they push and marks can be blurred or erased. Combining the best features of CAD type computer programs and traditional hand drawing, the iPad Pro will allow projects to be constantly updated in a manner that makes sense to the creative halves of our brains, all while syncing throughout all of our devices.
    详见:4 Reasons the iPad Pro is a Game Changer for Architects
    (http://www.archdaily.com/773359/4-reasons-the-ipad-pro-is-a-game-changer-for-architects)

    全文:6 Designs By And For Architects that Made TIME's 25 Inventions of the Year
    http://www.archdaily.com/777797/6-designs-by-and-for-architects-that-made-times-25-inventions-of-the-year 


    【专题】:http://www.archcy.com/focus/daily_focus/Invention_building

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