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冷红教授参与发起“中国收缩城市研究网络”

    收缩城市方面的研究,无论是国际经验、国内现状、规划建议等,对于国内学界和实践界还是个新生事物,但是一些地区城市的收缩现象已经为中国城市收缩的研究提供了案例。
    国内关注收缩城市研究的学者,于2014年11月共同发起了“中国收缩城市研究网络”(http://www.beijingcitylab.com/projects-1/15-shrinking-cities/),将持续跟踪收缩城市方面的国际研究并开展国内的理论和实证研究工作。 
    哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院副院长冷红教授是“中国收缩城市研究网络”共同发起人之一。 

       城市人口的收缩由来已久,德国政府资助项目(Shrinking Cities)已经证实,全球范围内人口超过100万的450个城市地区,总体上失去了其城市人口的十分之一。德国学者近几年进行了开创性的探讨(发表在Environment and Planning A/B上),以居住人口作为评价指标已成为共识。总体上,国际上发生城市收缩的原因,主要在于:
    (1)全球化背景下从制造业到服务业的经济转型,以及由此造成的劳动力结构性失业和产业资本外流;
    (2)其他影响因素还包括郊区化、战争、自然或人为灾害、老龄化或低生育率,以及东欧国家社会主义制度的瓦解等。
    在中国,收缩现象还为增长的主流所忽视,规划实践上人口必须增长的桎梏观念还鲜有突破。事实上,全球金融危机引发的出口加工工业的衰退和国内劳动力刘易斯拐点的到来,都使中国城市增长的条件发生变化。中国城市发展正在脱离原有的快速发展轨道,出现了城市增长的分化。其中,城市收缩的出现已经成为当今中国城市发展的新现象之一。 


    2015年第9期《现代城市研究》发表了“收缩城市”专辑(第一期)共五篇文章,主要关注收缩城市的中国研究。率先在国内提出研究“收缩城市”的呼声,引起学界和实践界的共识。

    昨天,哈工大建筑学院冷红教授为图书馆荐购了两本“收缩城市”图书: 

    1、《Shrinking Cities: International Perspectives and Policy Implications》
        出版社: Routledge (2015年9月18日)
        丛书名: Routledge Advances in Geography
        平装:318页;语种:英语
        ISBN:1138952877 

    The shrinking city phenomenon is a multidimensional process that affects cities, parts of cities or metropolitan areas around the world that have experienced dramatic decline in their economic and social bases. Shrinkage is not a new phenomenon in the study of cities. However, shrinking cities lack the precision of systemic analysis where other factors now at work are analyzed: the new economy, globalization, aging population (a new population transition) and other factors related to the search for quality of life or a safer environment. This volume places shrinking cities in a global perspective, setting the context for in-depth case studies of cities within Mexico, Brazil, Indonesia, Germany, France, Great Britain, South Korea, Australia, and the USA, which consider specific economic, social, environmental, cultural and land-use issues.

    作者简介
    Karina Pallagst is professor for International Planning Systems at Kaiserslautern University’s faculty of Spatial Planning.
    Thorsten Wiechmann is head of the Department of Spatial Planning and Planning Theory at TU Dortmund University.
    Cristina Martinez-Fernandez is a Senior Policy Analyst on Employment and Skills, Green Growth and South-East Asia at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) programme.

    目录
    Section I: Shrinkage in a Global Perspective 
    1. Introduction Karina Pallagst, Cristina Martinez-Fernandez and Thorsten Wiechmann
    2. Theoretical Approaches of "Shrinking Cities" Emmanuèle Cunningham-Sabot, Ivonne Audirac, Sylvie Fol and Cristina Martinez-Fernandez 
    Section II: Urban Change and the Role of Shrinkage 
    3. Shrinking Cities in the United States in Historical Perspective: A Research Note Robert A. Beauregard
    4. Shrinking Cities in the Fourth Urban Revolution? Ivonne Audirac
    5. The Interdependence of Shrinking and Growing: Processes of Urban Transformation in the USA in the Rust Belt and Beyond Karina Pallagst
    6. The Restructuring of Declining Suburbs in the Paris Region Marie-Fleur Albecker and Sylvie Fol
    7. Growth Paradigm Against Urban Shrinkage: A Standardised Fight? The Cases of Glasgow (UK) and Saint-Etienne (France) Emmanuèle Cunningham-Sabot and Hélène Roth
    8. Making Places in Increasingly Empty Spaces: Dealing With Shrinkage in Post-Socialist Cities: The Example of East Germany Thorsten Wiechmann, Anne Volkmann and Sandra Schmitz
    9. The Nagasaki Model of Community-Governance: Grassroots Partnership with Local Government Hiroshi Yahagi
   10. Shrinkage and Expansion in Peri-Urban China: Exploratory Case Study from Jiangsu Province Chung-Tong Wu, Xiao-Lin Zhang, Gong-Hao Cui and Shu-Ping Cui 
   11. A Cluster of the Four Coal Mining Cities in Korea from a Global Perspective: How Did the People Overcome a Crisis After a Massive Closure of Mines? Dong-Chun Shin
   12. From "Up North" to "Down Under": Dynamics of Shrinkage in Mining Communities in Canada and Australia Laura Schatz, David Leadbeater, Cristina Martinez-Fernandez and Tamara Weyman
   13. Analytic Implications of the Corporate Town Atenquique and Its Shrinkage, Economic and Environmental Decline José G. Vargas-Hernández
   14. Inequality and Urban Shrinkage: A Close Relationship in Brazil Sergio Torres Moraes 
    Section III: Strategic and Policy Implications
   15. Emerging Regeneration Strategies in the US, Europe and Japan Jasmin Aber and Hiroshi Yahagi
   16. Environmental Sustainability Issues for Shrinking Cities: US and Europe Helen Mulligan
   17. Closing Thoughts Cristina Martinez-Fernandez, Karina Pallagst and Thorsten Wiechmann


    2、《Future Directions for the European Shrinking City》
        出版社: Routledge (2016年1月28日)
        丛书名: RTPI Library Series
        平装:228页;语种:英语
        ISBN:1138814709 

    Urban shrinkage is rising to the top of the political agenda in Europe as more cities are shrinking in the prolonged economic downturn we encounter. Coupled with unprecedented budgetary austerity and rapidly ageing populations, ‘stagnating’ and ‘shrinking’ cities have emerged as a key challenge for policy and practice for decades to come. Local actors need to find new ways of collaborating across sectors, agencies and disciplines to unlock opportunities for interventions that mitigate the worst effects of urban shrinkage and long-term decline.
    Future Directions for the European Shrinking City focuses on policy and planning interventions that can be taken by municipalities and their local stakeholders to tackle stagnation and decline. With case studies from a range of European countries this book proposes ways to tackle shrinkage through governance, policy, planning, social, economic and management interventions.
    Edited by William J.V. Neill and Hans Schlappa, this book is ideally suited for policy makers and practitioners in urban planning, regeneration, and economic development dealing with pressing spatial and socio-economic issues on a European scale.

    媒体推荐
    "You will find in this book key answers for the dilemma that half of European cities are facing: How to deal with "shrinking" when expansion and growth were always the only way for decision makers and practitioners envisioned the future of their cities? How to develop a liveable city with this new paradigm and to transform threats in opportunities? With a variety of contributions, the authors call for new governance and strategy at the city level to bring together physical, social and economic interventions. They clearly confirm the priorities for 2014-2020 of European programmes on exchange and learning, like URBACT III, based on their experience." –Emmanuel Moulin, Head of the URBACT Secretariat
    "Shrinking cities are a pressing contemporary challenge for urban planners, designers, and policymakers in postindustrial societies around the globe. Highlighting European innovations in the social and governmental sectors, William Neill and Hans Schlappa’s volume will be a valuable resource for academics, practitioners, and citizens concerned with urban revitalization." –Brent D. Ryan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    "While contemporary urban studies and policy are seemingly obsessed with city growth, this landmark collection focuses on the flipside of decline. In Future Directions for the European Shrinking City, William J.V. Neill and Hans Schlappa have convened key international voices, analysing the causes, predicaments and the paths ahead for cities confronting shrinkage. This is a critical text for cross-disciplinary scholarship, debates and policy deliberation." –Andy Pike, Newcastle University
    "The mega-trends of shrinkage across Europe’s urban landscapes are clear. What we struggle with is how to tackle the complexity of challenges involved in making Europe’s shrinking cities liveable again. Neill and Schlappa address the issue directly by providing the reader with a vivid tapestry of workable strategies and practical solutions. We need more books like this one." –Vlad Mykhnenko, University of Birmingham

    作者简介
    William J. V. Neill is Emeritus Professor of Spatial Planning at the University of Aberdeen. He previously held academic appointments at the University of Manchester and Queen’s University Belfast. He completed a master’s degree in Urban Planning from the University of Michigan and completed his PhD at the University of Nottingham. He worked as an urban planner for the State of Michigan in the 1970s and 1980s with a particular focus on the shrinking city of Detroit. He is a former Council member of the Royal Town Planning Institute and was recently a member of an EU urban expert (URBACT) group on the future of European shrinking cities.
    Hans Schlappa is Senior Lecturer in Strategic Management at the University of Hertfordshire. He worked at Aston University and Coventry University before joining Hertfordshire Business School in 2010. Dr Schlappa has led a number of European knowledge transfer projects concerned with urban regeneration and undertaken research for the Home Office, Department of Work and Pensions, Regional Government Offices and Regional Development Agencies as well as a wide range of not-for-profit organisations in the UK. His current research includes projects on leadership in the co-production of public services, social inclusion and community development through place-making, and strategic leadership of cities suffering from long-term decline. Prior to his academic appointments Dr Schlappa managed the development and delivery of a wide range of socio-economic regeneration initiatives in the UK.

    目录
    1. W(h)ither the European shrinking city?―William J. V. Neill and Hans Schlappa
    2. Carry on shrinking? The bankruptcy of urban policy in Detroit―William J. V. Neill
    3. Governing social cohesion in shrinking cities: the cases of Ostrava, Genoa and Leipzig―Caterina Cortese, Katrin Grossmann, Annegret Haase and Iva Ticha
    4. Civic engagement and development strategies: learning from the experience of participatory rural redevelopment―David Houston, Stephen McKay and Michael Murray
    5. The role of the social economy in the shrinking city―Brendan Murtagh
    6. Doing things differently: co-producing responses to urban shrinkage―Hans Schlappa
    7. The challenge of temporary usage in the shrinking city: a report from the ‘laboratory of Berlin’―Christian Porst and William J. V. Neill 
    8. Shrinking cities and food: place-making for sustainable renewal, reuse and retrofit―Susan Parham
    9. Green open spaces and urban perforation – opportunities, concepts and challenges for shrinking cities―Cornelius Scherzer
   10. Managing brownfield land in stagnant land markets―Uwe Ferber and Hans Schlappa
   11. Managing service infrastructures in shrinking cities: challenges and opportunities―Jörg Walther
   12. Coming of age: age-friendly strategies for shrinking cities―Roos Galjaard
   13. If not growth what then? Re-thinking the strategy process for shrinking cities―Hans Schlappa
   14. Conclusions: priorities for tackling shrinkage in Europe’s cities―Hans Schlappa and William J. V. Neill


    【收缩城市工作室http://shrinkingcities.ncr.vt.edu/
    内容:有关收缩城市的新闻、杂志/ 图书、视频和特色城市案例,以及“收缩城市”博客(https://shrinkingcities.wordpress.com/)上的最新消息。

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